Posted by: crisdiaz24 | October 15, 2008

SIMPLE AND CONTINUOUS TENSES

 

SIMPLE

CONTINUOUS

PRESENT

·          Habits: I leave work at 5.30 on most days.

·          Things that are always true: Oil floats on water.

·          Future timetables: The plane leaves at 11 tomorrow.

·          Actions happening now or around now, temporary actions: She is leaving in London at the present.

·          Future plans or arrangements: We are having a party on Sunday.

·          To express annoyance: He is always throwing parties until the early hours of the morning.

PAST

·          Single completed past actions: I went shopping yesterday.

·          Past habits: I often went skiing at Christmas when I was a child.

·          Repeated past actions: I phoned the bank twice yesterday.

·          To describe a situation that existed or was taking place when sthg else happened: I was having a shower when the phone rang.

·          A temporary past action: I was working in a car factory during the summer of 1997.

PRESENT PERFECT

·          To talk about sthg that happened in the past when you do not specify when it happened: I have often complained about the traffic.

·          Life experiences: I have read Don Quixote.

·          To talk about how long an existing situation has lasted: Prices have risen sharply over the last few months.

·          To say that an action has been repeated a number of times up to now: I have been to Germany three times.

·          When a past action has a result in the present and when you did it is not specified: I’ve cleaned my shoes.

 

·          To emphasize the aspects of duration, repetition or the temporary nature of an event: We’ve been discussing this issue for hours.

·          To refer to a recent situation and its present results: Look! It’s been snowing.

·          To talk about a situation that started in the past and is still going on: It’s been raining heavily all day.

FUTURE

·          Promises: I will always love you.

·          Predictions: Prices will rise in December.

·          Future events that have been previously arranged in some detail: The meeting will begin at 10.00am. Coffee will be available from 9.30 onwards.

·          Decisions made at the moment of speaking: I’ll answer the phone.

·          Official arrangements: (the present simple is also possible): The train will stop at Bristol, Birmingham, Chester and Liverpool.

 

·          To talk about an activity or event going on at a particular time or over a particular period in the future: Next Friday, the President will be celebrating ten years in power.

With the future continuous we normally mention the future time (Next Friday, after the operation, etc.)

 

 

 

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Categories

%d bloggers like this: