Posted by: crisdiaz24 | November 6, 2008

INVENTIONS

 

 

 

INVENTIONS and DISCOVERIES

 

1. In what country was the first ballpoint manufacturing factory opened? 

 

  1. Argentina
  2. Canada
  3. USA
  4. France

2. Who was credited with being the first person to wear a wrist watch?

  1. Samual Morse
  2. Galileo Galilei
  3. Blaise Pascal
  4. Michelangelo

3. What was the name of the man who painted The Virgin of the Rocks  and invented the parachute?

 

  1. Leonardo da Vinci
  2. Boticelli
  3. Brunelleschi
  4. Isaac Newton

 

4. One of the very important steps in the progress of the medical science was the discovery of ‘blood circulation’. Who was the first to write a study on that subject?

 

  1. William Harvey
  2. Andreas Vesalius
  3. Erasmus
  4. Maimonides

 

5. In the Olympic Games of 1908 a new sports competition was organised for the first time: the Marathon. The athletes had to run was 42 kms 194 metres. Of what was that the exact distance?

 

  1. The distance between Marathon and Athens.
  2. The distance from Windsor Castle to the London Olympic Stadium.
  3. Twice the distance between the Palace of Versaillesand the Parisian Parc des Princes.
  4. Four times the distance between the Bois de Boulogne and the Eiffel tower in Paris

6. During the French Revolutions revolutionaries felt that the break with the past had to be complete. So they even wanted to abolish the old calendar system and the old names of the months. For which season were the names Messidor , Thermidor and Fructidor introduced?  Summer

 

7. Which of these was NOT an invention of the Chinese?

 

 

  1. Gunpowder
  2. The abacus
  3. The compass
  4. Parchment

8. Which of these major cities of the Christian world was the first to have paved streets?

 

  1. Paris
  2. Venice
  3. Rome
  4. Byzantium

 

 

 

9. The etymological origin of the Latin word ‘pecunia’ (for money), fits in well with the findings of archaeologists who saw that many coins originally represented…

 

  1. Wheat.
  2. Local gods.
  3. Cattle.
  4. Deities.

 

10. The brand name Mercedes was applied to an automobile model built by Wilhelm Maybach to specifications by Emil Jellinek that was delivered to him on December 22, 1900. By Jellinek’s contract, the new model contained a newly designed engine designated as Daimler-Mercedes. As the car was meant for the French market as well, Daimler had been given the advice to find a name for it that did not sound TOO German. What was his source of inspiration?

 

  1. the Spanish word merced to bestow good luck on the new model.
  2. Maybach’s wife’s name.
  3. Jellinek’s daughter’s name.
  4. King Alfonso XII’s first wife.

 

11. In 1809, fourteen years after Napoleon had offered a reward to anyone who could find a way of preserving food, a French confectioner by the name of Nicolas Appert did just that. What did he come up with?

 

  1. Dried food.
  2. Cellophane wrapped food.
  3. Frozen food.
  4. Canned food.

12. Whilst carrying out experiments in 1895 on what happens when electricity is passed through bottles filled with gas, a German physicist, Wilhelm Roentgen, made a startling discovery, which was to revolutionise the medical world. What did he discover?

 

  1. Laughing gas.
  2. Insulin
  3. Lasers
  4. X-rays

 

13. Benjamin Franklin was a prolific inventor. He invented the lightning rod, the Franklin stove, studied electricity, discovered the Gulf Stream, started the first library, and on and on. Among his many other inventions, what musical instrument did he invent?

  1. banjo.
  2. Oboe
  3. Clarinet
  4. Harmonium

 

 

14. The Manhattan Project was started by President Roosevelt in 1942 to ensure that the U.S. beat the Germans in developing a nuclear bomb. Whom did Roosevelt appoint as scientific head the Manhattan Project?

 

  1. Robert Oppenheimer.
  2. Albert Einstein.
  3. Enola Gay.
  4. Thomas Alva Edison.

 

 

 

15. He was born in Ulm, Germany, in 1879. He won a Nobel Prize in 1921. What was his name? Albert Einstein

 

16. He was born in 1643. His work in astronomy, optics, and mathematics, among other fields, made him one of the greatest scientists of all time. Give his first and last name.

  Isaac Newton                                                        

 

 

17. The Romans used the abacus for counting purposes. What were the beads running along the wires of an abacus called?
 

  1. Capitae
  2. Calculi
  3. Computae
  4. Additae

 

19.    True or false: The Romans employed the zero in their system of numbers. False

 

 

 

 

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