Posted by: crisdiaz24 | May 8, 2009

TOURISM

TOURISM

Wealthy people have always traveled to distant parts of the world, to see great buildings, works of art, learn new languages, to experience new cultures and to taste different cuisines. Long (1) __________, at the time of the Roman Republic, places such as Baiae, were popular coastal resorts for the rich. The word tourism was used by 1811 and tourist by 1840.[19] In 1936, the League of Nations defined foreign tourist as “someone travelling abroad for at (2) __________ twenty-four hours”. Its successor, the United Nations, amended this definition in 1945, by including a maximum stay of six months.

Leisure travel

Leisure travel (3) __________ associated with the Industrial Revolution in the United Kingdom – the first European country to promote leisure time to the increasing industrial population. Initially, this applied to the owners of the machinery of production, the economic oligarchy, the factory owners and the traders. These comprised the new middle class. Cox & Kings was the first official travel company to be formed in 1758.

The British origin of this new industry is reflected in (4) __________ place names. In Nice, France, one of the first and best-established holiday resorts on the French Riviera, the long esplanade along the seafront is (5) __________ to this day as the Promenade des Anglais; in many (6) __________ historic resorts in continental Europe, old, well-established palace hotels have names like the Hotel Bristol, the Hotel Carlton or the Hotel Majestic – reflecting the dominance of English customers.

Mass tourism

Mass tourism could only have developed (7) __________  the improvements in technology, allowing the transport of large numbers of people in a short space of time to places of leisure interest, so (8)__________  greater numbers of people began to enjoy the benefits of leisure time.

In the United States, the first great seaside resort, in the European style, was Atlantic City, New Jersey and Long Island, New York.

(9) __________ as in the US, in continental Europe, seaside resorts became very popular. Such early resorts included: Ostend, popularized by the people of Brussels; Boulogne-sur-Mer (Pas-de-Calais) and Deauville (Calvados) for the Parisians; and Heiligendamm, founded in 1797, (10)__________ the first seaside resort at the Baltic Sea.

KEY

1. AGO

2. LEAST

3. IS / WAS

4. MANY / SEVERAL / SOME

5. KNOWN

6. OTHER

7. WITH / SINCE

8. THAT

9. JUST

10. BEING / WAS / AS

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