Posted by: crisdiaz24 | May 2, 2010

TATTOING

CLOZE TEST

Read the text and complete the chart below with a word from the list that comes before the text. Every word can only be used ONCE. There are six words that you do not need to use.

Bearing                 holding        notoriously    rubbing

Ceremony           instance      full stops          worldwide

Dots                       largely         practice

Former                 latter           prominently

Formulae             loan             rites

TATTOOING

A tattoo is a marking made by inserting indelible ink into the dermis layer of the skin  to change the pigment for decorative or other reasons. Tattooing has been practiced for centuries 1.________________.

The Oxford english Dictionary gives the etymology of tattoo as “In 18th c. tattaow, tattow. From Polynesian tatau.  In Tahitian, tatu.” The word tatau was introduced as a 2. ________________ word into English, the pronunciation being changed to conform to English phonology as “tattoo”.

Tattoo enthusiasts may refer to tattoos as “Ink”, “Tats”, “Art”, “Pieces”, or “Work”; and to the tattooists  as “Artists”. The 3. ________________ usage is gaining greater support, with mainstream art galleries holding exhibitions of both conventional and custom tattoo designs. Copyrighted tattoo designs that are mass-produced and sent to tattoo artists are known as flash , a notable 4. ________________ of industrial design. Flash sheets are

5. ________________ displayed in many tattoo parlors for the purpose of providing both inspiration and ready-made tattoo images to customers.

Tattooing has been a Eurasian  6. ________________  at least since around Neolithic  times. Ótzi the Iceman,  dating from the fourth to fifth millennium BC, was found in the Ötz valley in the Alps and had approximately 57 carbon tattoos consisting of simple 7. ________________ and lines on his lower spine, behind his left knee, and on his right ankle. Other mummies  8. ________________ tattoos and dating from the end of the second millennium BC have been discovered in Egypt and other countries.

Tattooing in Japan is thought to go back to the Paleolithic  era, some ten thousand years ago. Various other cultures have had their own tattoo traditions, ranging from 9. ________________ cuts and other wounds with ashes, to hand-pricking the skin to insert dyes.

Tattoos have served as  10. ________________ of passage,  marks of status, symbols of religious and spiritual devotion, decorations for bravery, marks of fertility,  pledges of love, punishment, amulets and talismans, protection, and as the marks of outcasts slaves and convicts. The symbolism and impact of tattoos varies in different places and cultures.

Adapted from © http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tattoo

KEY

1. WORLDWIDE.

2. LOAN

3. LATTER

4. INSTANCE

5. PROMINENTLY

6. PRACTICE

7. DOTS

8. BEARING

9. RUBBING

10. RITES


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