Posted by: crisdiaz24 | October 21, 2010

LINKING WORDS

LINKING, EXPLAINING AND CONTRASTING

 

It is difficult to imagine a world without money, though of course, it hasn´t always been around.

 

1. A First of all, B Once upon a time, C Firstly, D In the beginning, people would exchange sheep for ivory, or goats for weapons.

2. A Sincerely, B Of course, C Naturally, this could be inconvenient.

3. An easier way of trading was needed, A so that  B because  C that´s why money had to be invented.

4. A Lately, B Once, C Eventually, four-and-a-half thousand years ago in Mesopotamia (now southern Iraq) someone had a brilliant idea.

5. They realized that it would be easier A for B in order to C to buy and sell by using standard weights of silver.

6. This was a marvellous invention because A unless B otherwise C instead we might still be swapping things for sheep and goats!

7. However, it wasn´t  A before B by C until the seventh century BC that the first coins appeared in the ancient kingdom of Lydia (now Turkey).

8. A During B By C Over the next few centuries, the use of coins spread to other civilized countries.

9. Rulers wanted to control the issue of coins, A because B so C so that D that´s why they were stamped with the head of the ruler and their value.

10. A As B While C Because precious metals like silver and gold were used, they were actually worth the weight of the metal.

11. Chinese copper coins were A so B too C very D really heavy to carry that people kept them with merchants

12. A which B whom C that D who gave their customers receipts written on pieces of paper.

13. A After B Afterwards C they would use them

14. A like B as C for D instead money.

15. A Eventually, B Lastly, in the fourteenth century, the Chinese government introduced the first paper money.

16. A Because B Although C Despite people were suspicious at first, they accepted it.

17. Nowadays, nobody thinks twice about using paper money, A despite B although C while it only has symbolic rather than intrinsic value. (This is true of coins, too).

18. There is nothing new in this A so B because C that´s why D as tribes have traded for centuries using shells and even feathers as currency.

19. A Nowadays, B These days, C Actually, less and less cash is used and we pay for extensive items like CD players and cars by cheque and credit card.

20. A In fact, B Really, C Nevertheless, people predict that, by the end of the century, coins and paper money will have been completely replaced by plastic money.

 

From: Think Ahead to First Certificate

 

 

KEY

 

1. B and D.

2. B and C.

3. C.

4. C.

5. C.

6. B.

7. C.

8. D and C.

9. C and D.

10. A and C.

11. A.

12. D.

13. B.

14. B.

15. A.

16. B.

17.B.

18. B and D.

19. A and B.

20. A.

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Categories

%d bloggers like this: