Posted by: a2cristina | February 17, 2011



1.    Who was King Leonidas’ army facing in 480 B.C.?

2.    What is King Leonidas’ army composed of?

3.    What did the phalanx formation look like?

4.    Who did the warriors have to press their shields against?

5.    How much had the warriors trained before the battle?

6.    Why were the shields virtually impenetrable?

7.    Why were the Medes lightly armed?

8.    What did the Medes do before they advanced?

9.    What did Leonidas do to reinforce his phalanx?

10.  What filled the sky at that time?

11.  What were the Greek shields like?

12.  Who did Leonidas send in when the Greeks began to tire?

13.  Why did the Medes start grabbing at the fallen Greeks’ spears?

14.  Why were Xerxes’ warriors not able to take advantage of their superior numbers?


Wicker: made of very thin pieces of wood twisted together. Mimbre.

To shove: to push someone or something forcefully.

Archer: a person who shoots arrows from a bow for sport or, in the past, as a weapon.

Volley: a large number of bullets (seeming to be) fired at the same time. Lluvia (fig.).

Headway: make headway to advance or get closer to achieving something.

Trump card: an advantage that makes you more likely to succeed than other people, especially something that other people do not know about. Baza, as en la manga.

Scales: one of the many very small flat pieces which cover the skin of fish, snakes etc.

The Medes: A member of an Iranian people, closely related to the Persians, inhabiting ancient Media.

To confined: [T usually passive] to keep someone in an enclosed place, often by force.


1. a Persian army of 250,000 men.

2. Greeks and Spartans.

3. Like a forest of spears.

4. Against ythe backs of the men in front.

5. Their whole life.

6. They overlapped like the scales on a serpent’s back.

7. Because they carried light wicker-work shields and spears.

8. They fired a volley into the phalanx.

9. More Greeks.

10. Volley after volley of arrows.

11. Bronze-faced, with two inches of oak underneath it.

12. His Spartan warriors.

13. Because their weapons were useless.

14. Because of the confined space.


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