Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 22, 2011

TEST UNIT 4

TEST UNIT 4

GRAMMAR

1   Complete the sentences with the correct word(s).

Example: As far as meals are concerned, we’re planning on bringing our own food.

concern   are concerned   concerned

1   On the one hand, we need the rain for our garden to grow. On ________ hand, we want to sit in the garden and enjoy the sunshine!

other   the other   another

2   Please be on time for the bus. ________ you’ll make everyone late for the concert.

Other   Other words   Otherwise

3   ________ you don’t really like your new job.

Obvious to me   Obviously   Obvious

4   I don’t understand the instructions for getting to the show. ________, I don’t even want to go.

It’s beside   Beside   Besides

5   Jules is coming for the weekend. ________ she’s leaving her job to start her own business, and she wants your advice.

Incidentally   By incident   Incident

6   A Do you like cricket?

B As ________ of fact, I love it.

matters   if it mattered   a matter

7   I think you should take the day off tomorrow. ________, your brother doesn’t visit very often.

After all   After   It’s after

8   It’s going to rain tomorrow, or ________ that’s what the forecast said.

least   at least   leastly

8

2   Underline the correct word(s).

Example:    Can I borrow / borrowed 20 euros until tomorrow as long as you don’t need it?

1   Provided Mel brought / brings his guitar tomorrow, we’re going to have a sing-along.

2   If we have / had two more people, we’d have enough to play a proper football match.

3   I would phone / have phoned to say I was going to be late if I hadn’t lost my mobile.

4   Supposed / Supposing you got lost and couldn’t find your way home. What would you do?

5   Had I known it was your birthday, I would have made / made a cake.

6   I’ll tell you everything as long as you will promise / promise not to laugh at me.

6

3   Complete the sentences with the gerund or the infinitive form of the verbs in brackets.

Example:    I’d like you to phone (phone) my office and tell them I’m ill.

1   I would hate him ________ (think) I’m not interested in his project.

2   He dislikes people ________ (make) noise while he’s studying.

3   He’s waiting for his train ________ (arrive).

4   My uncle advised me ________ (visit) Italy before the weather gets too hot.

5   They’d better not keep me ________ (wait). I’m too busy to waste time sitting here.

6   Please let me ________ (come) with you. I am bored all on my own.

6

6
Grammar total 20

VOCABULARY

4   Complete the words in the sentences.

Example:    A civilian is someone who is not a member of the armed forces or the police

1   A s________ shoots at people from a hidden position.

2   A r________ is a sudden, illegal, often violent change of government.

3   A t________ is a formal agreement between two or more countries.

4   R________ are people who are forced to leave their home because there is a war.

5   A person who has been injured in a war is called a c________.

6   A c________ is when two armies agree to stop fighting temporarily.

6

5   Complete the sentences with the correct word(s).

Example: In the past, warriors used bows to shoot arrows at the enemy.

bullets   bows   shields

1   The soldier held his ________ tightly as he ran across the field shooting.

cannon   machine gun   missile

2   The tribe defended their village in the jungle by throwing ________ at the boats of the soldiers as they came up the river.

sieges   troops   spears

3   The rebels ________ the bridge to stop the soldiers from getting supplies.

surrendered   blew up   defeated

4   After the attack on the city, all of the shops were ________ and almost everything was stolen.

overthrown   declared   looted

5   A I really love war films.

B Really? I’m not particularly keen ________ them.

on   in   with

6   The king was very proud ________ his soldiers for winning the battle.

with   of   for

6

6   Complete the sentences with one word.

Example:    The story of a film and the things the characters do is called the plot.

1   The final ________ at the end of a film list the names of all of the actors and other people who appeared in or worked on the film.

2   I loved Star Wars, but I don’t remember the details of the conversation between Luke Skywalker and Darth Vader. Dialogue ________ aren’t as important as the action.

3   I have quite a ________ friends who have taken a gap year.

4   My dad just bought a second-________ car. He saw an advert in the paper, and thought the price was much better than buying a new car.

5   My grandmother is a lovely person, but can be very ________-minded and intolerant. She thinks I should stop studying and get married as soon as possible.

6   My cousin and his wife are great parents. Their kids are three and five, but they’re so ______-behaved, we all actually enjoy going out to restaurants together.

7   When I was working as a tour guide, I got ________ on international travel. It gave me an enormous high, and if I didn’t get on a plane for a week or two, I became edgy and tense.

8   I’m completely fed up ________ the adverts at the cinema. They last at least 30 minutes, and the film is only 90 minutes long.

8
Vocabulary total 20

PRONUNCIATION

7   Match the words with the same sound.

coup high-minded    besieged    gambling   hang up    refugee

Example:    troops coup

1   dialogue ________, ________

2   edgy ________, ________

3   short-sighted ________

5

8   Underline the stressed syllable.

Example:    composer

1   review

2   substance

3   anxious

4   become

5   harmless

5
Pronunciation total 10
Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation total 50

READING

Read the article and tick (ü) A, B, or C.

HELP YOURSELF

In the last couple of decades, self-help books have been a publishing phenomenon, often topping the bestseller lists. Readers have lapped up their advice on how to do a wide variety of things, from becoming successful and rich to improving their relationships. If you’re facing a particular problem in your life, there’s a host of self-help books for you. If you have the idea that you want to improve yourself in some way, there are any number of self-help titles just waiting to advise you. If you want a successful career, no problem – step-by-step guides will tell you exactly what to do. But, despite their enormous success, there’s a question many people ask: do these books actually do what they claim to?

Obviously, as in any field of publishing, some self-help books are better than others. Some may be based on actual research and case studies – there’s some substance to them that suggests they can, at least to some extent, be taken seriously. Others, however, amount to little more than psychobabble – empty nonsense dressed up as serious psychological insight. These books bombard the reader with a mass of meaningless jargon, disguising the fact that they have nothing to say beyond the obvious that you would not need to buy a book to know. It’s the latter category that has given self-help books a bad name among critics of the genre.

The kind of advice given in self-help books is often more or less the same. What really amount to pretty standard statements are made in many of them, but does this advice stand up to scrutiny? Psychologists who have studied a range of self-help books connected with happiness say the answer to this is ‘not always’. They say that although the emphasis the books place on aiming for good relationships with families, friends and colleagues has, in some ways, some scientific basis in terms of what does actually lead to personal happiness, in other ways the advice given is actually false.

For example, the books commonly tell you that it is good to express your anger; the psychologists say this simply causes you to remain angry. You are often told to try to think happy thoughts when you are sad; the psychologists say that attempting to do this simply emphasizes your unhappiness for you. The books tell you to focus entirely on your aims in life, looking only at the desired outcome; psychologists say you need to focus just as much on the problems you have to overcome in order to reach your goals. The books tell you to keep praising yourself to increase and maintain a high level of self-belief; the psychologists say that actually this doesn’t work because you need praise from other people in order to increase your self-esteem.

Perhaps the key question on self-help books is: do they work? Do people feel they have directly helped them? Whatever critics may say, do the people who buy and read them get real results from them? The answer to this question appears to be ‘sometimes’. Research indicates that the kind of book that deals with a particular problem can be effective in helping people with that problem, particularly if the problem in question isn’t a severe one, for example mild depression or anxiety. The situation is less clear with books dealing with personal growth or development. Some people do say that these books have helped them but it is by no means certain, and hard to measure, whether this is really the case.

What is clear about all self-help books, however, is that they offer people hope. The actual advice they give and whether or not this is accurate or effective is probably less important than the fact that they tell the reader that change is possible, that there is hope of a better life, that people can overcome difficulties and improve themselves and their situation. While this may sound like a good thing, there is, however, a downside to it. To get people to buy them, these books often make exaggerated claims about what they will do for people. They can raise unrealistic expectations in the reader, suggesting that a better life can quite easily be achieved, that anyone can get what they want out of life. The truth is of course that changing yourself and your life may be very difficult indeed and require an immense amount of effort, if it is even achievable at all. So self-help books are open to the claim that they present a false picture that can only lead to disappointment in the end.

1   In the first paragraph, what does the writer emphasize about self-help books?

A  The fact that one person might buy many of them.

B  How quickly the genre became popular.

C  The number of them available.

2   In the second paragraph, the writer expresses a preference for self-help books which ________.

A  don’t use any jargon at all          B  explain technical terms in a clear way

C  give examples to support their advice

3   The writer says that self-help books containing a lot of ‘psychobabble’ ________.

A  are seldom popular with readers

B  have affected the reputation of all self-help books

C  exist in greater numbers than other kinds of self-help book

4   What does the writer say about self-help books connected with happiness?

A  There is evidence to support some of the advice they give.

B  They vary more than other kinds of self-help book.

C  They are the most popular kind of self-help book.

5   Psychologists say that some advice in books about happiness ________.

A  could produce different bad feelings in people

B  could make people feel worse than they did

C  is too hard for people to carry out

6   Which of the following do psychologists believe?

A  You won’t have greater self-confidence unless other people praise you.

B  Focusing on problems is more important than focusing on goals.

C  Thinking only about aims can result in greater unhappiness.

7   Research into whether self-help books really help people suggests that ________.

A  those dealing with personal growth and development are the least useful

B  people want to believe that they have helped them a lot

C  they are not very useful for serious problems

8   What do all self-help books have in common, according to the writer?

A  They all contain some useful advice.

B  They all have the same basic message.

C  They all sympathize with the reader.

9   When asking whether self-help books work, the writer suggests that ________.

A  this may be more important than whether the advice is correct

B  not enough attention has been paid to this

C  readers may not be honest about this

10   The writer concludes in that last paragraph that self-help books ________.

A  are more influential than is generally thought

B  may actually be harmful to people

C  are only taken seriously by certain kinds of person

KEY

Grammar, Vocabulary, and Pronunciation

GRAMMAR

1 1   the other

2   Otherwise

3   Obviously

4   Besides

5   Incidentally

6   a matter

7   After all

8   at least

2 1   brings

2   had

3   have phoned

4   Supposing

5   have made

6   promise

3 1   to think

2   making

3   to arrive

4   to visit

5   waiting

6   come

Vocabulary

4 1   sniper

2   revolution

3   treaty

4   Refugees

5   casualty

6   ceasefire

5 1   machine gun

2   spears

3   blew up

4   looted

5   on

6   of

6 1   credits

2   sequences

3   few

4   hand

5   narrow

6   well

7   hooked

8   with

Pronunciation

7 1   gambling, hang up

2   besieged, refugee

3   high-minded

8 1   review

2   substance

3   anxious

4   become

5   harmless

Reading and Writing

Reading

1   C

2   C

3   B

4   A

5   B

6   A

7   C

8   B

9   A

10   B

HELP YOURSELF

In the last couple of decades, (1) self-help books have been a publishing phenomenon, often topping the bestseller lists. Readers have lapped up their advice on how to do a wide variety of things, from becoming successful and rich to improving their relationships. If you’re facing a particular problem in your life, there’s a host of self-help books for you. If you have the idea that you want to improve yourself in some way, there are any number of self-help titles just waiting to advise you. If you want a successful career, no problem – step-by-step guides will tell you exactly what to do. But, despite their enormous success, there’s a question many people ask: do these books actually do what they claim to?

Obviously, as in any field of publishing, (2) some self-help books are better than others. Some may be based on actual research and case studies – there’s some substance to them that suggests they can, at least to some extent, be taken seriously. Others, however, amount to little more than psychobabble – empty nonsense dressed up as serious psychological insight. These books bombard the reader with a mass of meaningless jargon, disguising the fact that they have nothing to say beyond the obvious that you would not need to buy a book to know. (3) It’s the latter category that has given self-help books a bad name among critics of the genre.

The kind of advice given in self-help books is often more or less the same. What really amount to pretty standard statements are made in many of them, but does this advice stand up to scrutiny? Psychologists who have studied a range of (4) self-help books connected with happiness say the answer to this is ‘not always’. They say that although the emphasis the books place on aiming for good relationships with families, friends and colleagues has, in some ways, some scientific basis in terms of what does actually lead to personal happiness, in other ways the advice given is actually false.

(5) For example, the books commonly tell you that it is good to express your anger; the psychologists say this simply causes you to remain angry. You are often told to try to think happy thoughts when you are sad; the psychologists say that attempting to do this simply emphasizes your unhappiness for you. The books tell you to focus entirely on your aims in life, looking only at the desired outcome; psychologists say you need to focus just as much on the problems you have to overcome in order to reach your goals. (6) The books tell you to keep praising yourself to increase and maintain a high level of self-belief; the psychologists say that actually this doesn’t work because you need praise from other people in order to increase your self-esteem.

Perhaps the key question on self-help books is: do they work? Do people feel they have directly helped them? Whatever critics may say, do the people who buy and read them get real results from them? The answer to this question appears to be ‘sometimes’. (7) Research indicates that the kind of book that deals with a particular problem can be effective in helping people with that problem, particularly if the problem in question isn’t a severe one, for example mild depression or anxiety. The situation is less clear with books dealing with personal growth or development. Some people do say that these books have helped them but it is by no means certain, and hard to measure, whether this is really the case.

What is clear about (8) all self-help books, however, is that they offer people hope. (9) The actual advice they give and whether or not this is accurate or effective is probably less important than the fact that they tell the reader that change is possible, that there is hope of a better life, that people can overcome difficulties and improve themselves and their situation. While this may sound like a good thing, there is, however, a downside to it. To get people to buy them, these books often make exaggerated claims about what they will do for people. (10) They can raise unrealistic expectations in the reader, suggesting that a better life can quite easily be achieved, that anyone can get what they want out of life. The truth is of course that changing yourself and your life may be very difficult indeed and require an immense amount of effort, if it is even achievable at all. So self-help books are open to the claim that they present a false picture that can only lead to disappointment in the end.


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