Prepositions of place and direction
|above||higher than sthg. (not directly; not touching)||The picture hangs above / over my bed.|
|across||from one side to the other side (two-dimensional; a surface)||You mustn’t go across this road here.
There isn’t a bridge across the river.
|after||one follows the other||The cat ran after the dog.
|against||directed towards sthg.||The bird flew against the window.|
|along||Movement following a line; from one point to another.||They’re walking along the beach.|
|among||in a group||I like being among people.|
|around||in a circular way||We’re sitting around the campfire.|
|At the top of||The highest place||She waited for me at the top of the stairs.|
|behind||at the back of||Our house is behind the supermarket.|
|below||lower than sthg. (not directly; not touching)||Death Valley is 86 metres below sea level.|
|beside||next to||Our house is beside the supermarket.|
|between||sthg./sby. is on each side||Our house is between the supermarket and the school.|
|by||near||He lives in the house by the river.|
|close to||near||Our house is close to the supermarket.|
|down||from high to low||He came down the hill.|
|from||the place where it starts||Do you come from Tokyo?|
|in front of||the part that is in the direction it faces||Our house is in front of the supermarket.|
|inside||opposite of outside (three-dimensional)||You shouldn’t stay inside the castle.|
|into||Movement from the outside to the inside. (three dimensional, movement)||You shouldn’t go into the castle.|
|near||close to||Our house is near the supermarket.|
|next to||beside||Our house is next to the supermarket.|
|off||away from sthg. (a surface)||The cat jumped off the roof.|
|onto||moving to a place (on a surface)||The cat jumped onto the roof.|
|On top of||The highest place||There were a few cups on top of the cupboard.|
|opposite||on the other side||Our house is opposite the supermarket.|
|out of||leaving sthg. (three dimensional)||The cat jumped out of the window.|
|outside||opposite of inside (three dimensional)||Can you wait outside?|
|over||above sth./sb. (covering; when sthg touches sthg else; higher than)||The cat jumped over the wall.
The picture hangs above / over my bed.
|past||in or to a position that is beyond a particular point.||Go past the post office.|
|round||in a circle||We’re sitting round the campfire.|
|through||going from one point to the other point. (three dimensional; vertical)||You shouldn’t walk through the forest.|
|to||towards sthg./sby. (with the aim of a specific destination)||I like going to Australia.
I’ve never been to Africa.
|towards||in the direction of sthg.||We ran towards the castle.|
|under||below sth. (lower than)||The cat is under the table.|
|up||from low to high||He went up the hill.|
|Up to||Movement to a person.||He came up to me and asked me what the time was.|