Posted by: a2cristina | April 5, 2011


Prepositions of place and direction


Preposition Use Examples
above higher than sthg. (not directly; not touching) The picture hangs above / over my bed.
across from one side to the other side (two-dimensional; a surface) You mustn’t go across this road here.
There isn’t a bridge across the river.
after one follows the other The cat ran after the dog.
After you.
against directed towards sthg. The bird flew against the window.
along Movement following a line; from one point to another. They’re walking along the beach.
among in a group I like being among people.
around in a circular way We’re sitting around the campfire.
At the top of The highest place She waited for me at the top of the stairs.
behind at the back of Our house is behind the supermarket.
below lower than sthg. (not directly; not touching) Death Valley is 86 metres below sea level.
beside next to Our house is beside the supermarket.
between sthg./sby. is on each side Our house is between the supermarket and the school.
by near He lives in the house by the river.
close to near Our house is close to the supermarket.
down from high to low He came down the hill.
from the place where it starts Do you come from Tokyo?
in front of the part that is in the direction it faces Our house is in front of the supermarket.
inside opposite of outside (three-dimensional) You shouldn’t stay inside the castle.
into Movement from the outside to the inside. (three dimensional, movement) You shouldn’t go into the castle.
near close to Our house is near the supermarket.
next to beside Our house is next to the supermarket.
off away from sthg. (a surface) The cat jumped off the roof.
onto moving to a place (on a surface) The cat jumped onto the roof.
On top of The highest place There were a few cups on top of the cupboard.
opposite on the other side Our house is opposite the supermarket.
out of leaving sthg. (three dimensional) The cat jumped out of the window.
outside opposite of inside (three dimensional) Can you wait outside?
over above sth./sb. (covering; when sthg touches sthg else; higher than) The cat jumped over the wall. 

The picture hangs above / over my bed.

past in or to a position that is beyond a particular point. Go past the post office.
round in a circle We’re sitting round the campfire.
through going from one point to the other point. (three dimensional; vertical) You shouldn’t walk through the forest.
to towards sthg./sby. (with the aim of a specific destination) I like going to Australia.
I’ve never been to Africa.
towards in the direction of sthg. We ran towards the castle.
under below sth. (lower than) The cat is under the table.
up from low to high He went up the hill.
Up to Movement to a person. He came up to me and asked me what the time was.

Adapted from:




Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s


%d bloggers like this: