Read the text and complete the chart below with a word from the list that comes after the text. Every word can only be used ONCE. There are FIVE words that you do not need to use. Question 0 has been answered as an example.
A pet is an animal kept for companionship and enjoyment or a 0) ________________ animal, as opposed to wild animals or to livestock, laboratory animals, working animals or sport animals, which are kept for economic or productive reasons. The most popular pets are noted for their1) ________________ or playful characteristics, for their attractive appearance, or for their song. Pets also generally seem to 2) ________________ their owners with health benefits; keeping pets has been shown to help 3) ________________ stress to those who like having animals around. There is now a medically-approved class of “therapy animals,” mostly dogs, which are brought to visit confined humans. Walking a dog can provide both the owner and the dog with exercise, fresh air, and social interaction. The general pets are a dog and cat, but there are also small rodent pets, such as hamsters, guinea pigs, and bird pets, such as canaries, parakeets or parrots.
Some people may also have very 4) __________ pets. These are generally exotic animals which can be legally bought, but which usually come with a high price tag, where the 5) ________________ is not included, for example a Bengal cat.
Animal protection advocates call attention to pet overpopulation in the United States. According to the Humane Society of the United States, 3-4 million dogs and cats are euthanized each year in the country and many more are confined to 6) ________________ in shelters. This situation is created by unneutered animals (spayed/castrated) reproducing and people intentionally breeding animals. A particularly problematic combination of economic 7) ________________ combined with a love of animals contributes to this problem in parts of the rural United States. In an average year, a fertile cat can produce three litters of kittens, with up to 4 to 6 kittens in each litter. Based on these numbers, one female cat and her 8) ________________ could produce up to 420,000 cats over a seven year period if not spayed or neutered. There are also major overpopulation problems with other pet species, such as birds and rabbits. Local humane societies, SPCAs, and other animal protection organizations 9) ________________ people to neuter their pets and to adopt animals from animal shelters instead of purchasing them from breeders or pet stores.
Keeping animals as pets may become detrimental to their health if certain requirements are not kept. An important issue is the inappropriate feeding, which may produce clinical effects (like the consumption of chocolate by dogs). Passive smoking is another recurring problem, aggravated by the fact that fur animals 10) ________________ themselves, which means taking in extra harmful substances that have landed on their fur, not just those inhaled.
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ALIMONY GROOM LOW-PRICED RELIEVE
BRUSH HARDSHIP LOYAL REMOVE
CAGES HOUSEHOLD OFFSPRING UPKEEP
COSTLY JAIL PROVIDE URGE
 Spay: to remove the ovaries of a female animal.
 SPCA: Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals