Posted by: crisdiaz24 | October 24, 2011

ASSEMBLY LINES – CLOZE TEST

CLOZE TEST

Read the text and complete the chart below with a word from the list that comes after the text. Every word can only be used ONCE. There are five words that you do not need to use. Question 0 has been answered as an example.

ASSEMBLY LINES

An assembly line is a 0) ________________ process in which parts (usually interchangeable parts) are added to a product in a 1) ________________ manner using optimally planned logistics to create a 2) ________________ product much faster than with handcrafting-type methods.

The motion of workers is minimized to the extent possible. All parts or assemblies are handled either by conveyors or motorized vehicles such as forklifts, or gravity, with no manual trucking. Heavy lifting is done by machines such as overhead cranes or forklifts. Each worker typically performs one simple operation.

The division of labour was initially discussed by Adam Smith, regarding the manufacture of pins, in his book The Wealth of Nations. The assembly line 3) ________________ by Ford Motor Company between 1908 and 1915 made assembly lines famous in the following decade through the social ramifications of mass production, such as the affordability of the Ford Model T and the introduction of high 4) ________________ for Ford workers. Henry Ford was the first to 5) ________________ the assembly line and was able to improve other aspects of industry by doing so (such as 6) ________________ labour hours required to produce a single vehicle, and increased production numbers and parts). Ford was the first company to build large factories around the assembly line 7) ________________. Mass production via assembly lines is 8) ________________ considered to be the catalyst which initiated the modern consumer culture by making possible 9) ________________ unit cost for manufactured goods. It is often said that Ford’s production system was ingenious because it turned Ford’s own workers into new customers. Put another way, Ford turned a huge potential market into a reality. Not only did this mean that Ford enjoyed much larger 10) ________________, but this also allowed further economies of scale to be exploited, further depressing unit price, which tapped yet another portion of the demand curve.

Adapted from © Wikipedia

             ACQUIRE                   FINISHED                   LOW                            SEQUENTIAL

CONCEPT                  FLOURISHED            MANUFACTURING       SUPPLY

DEMAND                   GROWING                MASTER                     WAGES

DEVELOPED              HIGH                           REDUCING                WIDELY

0) manufacturing

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

6)

7)

8)

9)

10)

KEY

0) MANUFACTURING

1) SEQUENTIAL

2) FINISHED

3) DEVELOPED

4) WAGES

5) MASTER

6) REDUCING

7) CONCEPT

8) WIDELY

9) LOW

10) DEMAND

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