UNIT 5 A
Vineyard: a piece of land where grapes are grown in order to produce wine; a business that produces wine from the grape it grows in a vineyard.
Frugality: using only as much money or food as is necessary.
Senior: high in rank or status; higher in rank or status than others.
Budget: low in price.
Cut-price: at a reduced price
Haul: the distance covered in a particular journey.
Economy: the cheapest class of air travel.
To offload: sthg/sby (on / onto sby) to get rid of sthg/sby that you do not need or want by passing it/them to sby else.
Day-to-day: involving the usual events or tasks of each day.
Running: the activity of managing or operating sthg.
Flatpack: (BrE) a piece of furniture that is sold in pieces in a flat box and that you have to build yourself.
Occasional: [only before noun] happening or done sometimes but not often.
Sole: only; single.
Dourness: (of a person) giving the impression of being unfriendly and severe.
Penny-pinching: (disapproving) unwilling to spend money.
To permeate: (of an idea, an influence, a feeling, etc.) to affect every part of sthg.
To trade: (in sthg) (with sby) to buy and sell things.
To set up: to build sthg or put sthg somewhere.
In bulk: in large sizes or quantities.
To MAKE a profit
Disused: [usually before noun] no longer used.
To undercut: to sell goods or services at a lower price than your competitors.
Showroom: a large shop / store in which goods for sale, especially cars and electrical goods, are displayed.
To tinker with: to make small changes to sthg in order to repair or improve it, especially in a way that may not be helpful.
Breakthrough: an important development that may lead to an agreement or achievement.
Bulky: (of a thing) large and difficult to move or carry.
To hit upon an idea: [no passive] to think of a good idea suddenly or by chance.
Tabletop: the top or the surface of a table.
Shop floor: the area in a factory where the goods are made by the workers.
To pass down: [often passive] to give or teach sthg to your children or people younger than you, who will then give or teach it to those who live after them, and so on.
Transient: continuing for only a short time. Fleeting, temporary.
Disposable: made to be thrown away after use. Available for use.
To hand out: To distribute.
To release: to make sthg available to the public.
Figures: [C, often pl.] a number representing a particular amount, especially one given in official information.
Trust: (business) a group of companies that work together illegally to reduce competition, control prices, etc.
Holding company: a company that is formed to buy shares in other companies which it then controls.