UNIT 10 A
Endurance: the ability to continue doing sthg painful or difficult for a long period of time without complaining.
Item: a single article or object.
To POSE a challenge
Rowing: the sport or activity of travelling in a boat using oars. Oars: a long pole with a flat blade at one end that is used for rowing a boat.
To push sby / oneself too hard: to make sby / oneself work hard:.
To set out: to leave a place and begin a journey.
Overall: including all the things or people that are involved in a particular situation; general.
Crew: all the people working on a ship, plane, etc.
To make it somewhere: to succeed in reaching a place in time, especially when this is difficult.
Tiny: very small in size or amount.
To glimmer: to shine with a faint unsteady light.
To scream: to give a loud, high cry, because you are hurt, frightened, excited, etc.
Cheer: a shout of joy, support or praise.
Ordeal: a difficult or unpleasant experience.
Shortly: a short time; not long.
To hand over: to give sthg/sby officially or formally to another person.
Acknowledgement: an act of accepting that sthg exists or is true, or that sthg is there.
To bounce up to sby: to approach sby in a lively, friendly way.
Oarsman: a person who rows a boat, especially as a member of a crew (= team).
Might: (formal or literary) great strength, energy or power.
Pressure cooker: a situation that is difficult or dangerous because people are likely to become anxious or violent.
By one’s own admission: a statement in which sby admits that sthg is true, especially sthg wrong or bad that they have done.
Useless: (at doing sthg) (informal) not very good at sthg; not able to do things well.
Tough: having or causing problems or difficulties.
To be marooned: to be left alone somewhere, with no way to escape.
To be concerned: to be worried.
As to: used when you are referring to sthg.
Laid-back: (informal) calm and relaxed; seeming not to worry about anything.
To cope with: to deal successfully with sthg difficult.
Confrontational: tending to deal with people in an aggressive way that is likely to cause arguments, rather than discussing things with them.
Bully: a person who uses their strength or power to frighten or hurt weaker people.
To stand up to sby: to resist sby; to not accept bad treatment from sby without complaining.
To strain: to make an effort to do sthg, using all your mental or physical strength.
To keep up with: to move, make progress or increase at the same rate as sby/sthg.
To sob: to cry noisily, taking sudden, sharp breaths.
Overboard: over the side of a boat or a ship into the water.
To be timed: [often passive] to arrange to do sthg or arrange for sthg to happen at a particular time.
On end: or the stated length of time, without stopping.
To be confined: [usually passive] to keep a person or an animal in a small or closed space.
Airless: not having any fresh or moving air or wind, and therefore unpleasant.
Cabin: a small room on a ship in which you live or sleep.
Boot: (AmE trunk) the space at the back of a car that you put bags, cases, etc. in.
To fret about: to worry.
To pull: to use oars to move a boat along.
To swallow: to make food, drink, etc. go down your throat into your stomach.
Sore: a painful, often red, place on your body where there is a wound or an infection.
Bottom: (especially BrE) the part of the body that you sit on.
Deprivation: the fact of not having sthg that you need, like enough food, money or a home; the process that causes this.
Task: a piece of work that sby has to do, especially a hard or unpleasant one.
The lead: the position ahead of everyone else in a race or competition.
Spurt: a sudden burst of speed or energy
Ft: Foot, (pl. feet or foot) (abbr. ft) a unit for measuring length equal to 12 inches or 30.48 centimetres.
To overwhelm: to have such a strong emotional effect on sb that it is difficult for them to resist or know how to react.
To turn sby over: to change position so that the other side is facing towards the outside or the top.
To deprive: to prevent sby from having or doing sthg, especially sthg important.
To RAISE the alarm
To be down: to be depressed.
Subtle: (often approving) not very noticeable or obvious.
To rub off on sby: (of personal qualities, behaviour, opinions, etc.) to become part of a person’s character as a result of that person spending time with sby who has those qualities, etc.
To step: to lift your foot and move it in a particular direction or put it on or in sthg; to move a short distance.
Ashore: towards, onto or on land, having come from an area of water such as the sea or a river.
Bond: something that forms a connection between people or groups, such as a feeling of friendship or shared ideas and experiences.
Achievement: a thing that sby has done successfully, especially using their own effort and skill.
Overnight: suddenly or quickly.
To ensure: to make sure that sthg happens or is definite.
Thriving: to become, and continue to be, successful, strong, healthy, etc. Flourishing.