Posted by: crisdiaz24 | December 3, 2015

Is it ethical to have a national DNA database? Cloze Test

CLOZE TEST

Read the text and complete the chart below with a word from the list that comes after the text. Every word can only be used ONCE. There are five words that you do not need to use. Question 0 has been answered as an example.

 

Is it ethical to have a national DNA database?

The National DNA Database has proved to be a valuable tool in the fight against crime. However, many people are 0) __________ about how it has evolved from a database containing genetic information on convicted criminals to one that has information from a much wider group of people.

The UK National DNA Database holds the DNA profiles and relevant DNA 1) __________ from a select number of UK individuals. It is the largest database of its 2) __________ in the world and is continuing to grow each year. Every profile in the UK National DNA Database is derived 3) __________ a sample of human material, such as saliva or hair, collected from a crime scene or police suspects.

However, many people are against the idea of extending the DNA database because of the potential 4) __________ it has to our privacy. While a DNA profile provides very little information about someone, their DNA contains information that can reveal their ethnicity or how susceptible they are to disease. The risk of data abuse is 5) __________ potentially high.

In 2012, the UK Protection of Freedoms Bill aimed to redress the balance between the State’s 6) __________ to protect the public and an individual’s right to privacy. As a result of the bill, 1,766,000 DNA profiles taken from innocent adults and children were 7) __________ from the database, along with 1,672,000 fingerprint records. In addition to this, 7,753,000 DNA representative pieces (480,000 from children) containing 8) __________ personal biological material were destroyed.

However, two contentious issues still remain; how the database is put to use and how this is decided. The database can already be used for some genetic research studies and to identify partial 9) __________, where close genetic relatives can be identified from the DNA profiles of relatives on the database.

As genetic databases become increasingly common in 10) __________ countries (over 60 countries are now operating one) the sharing of data between international police forces is likely to increase. This may increase the vulnerability of databases to abuse and hacking. It also introduces the challenge of differences in the rules for holding data which vary greatly between different countries. Although one standard may apply in the UK, it may not apply elsewhere.

Adapted from: http://www.yourgenome.org/debates/is-it-ethical-to-have-a-national-dna-database

 

CLASS                   ERASE                  OTHER                 SENSITIVE

CONCERNED       FROM                  OTHERS               SHOWS

DELETED              KIND                     SAMPLES             THEREFORE

DUTY                   MATCHES            SENSIBLE             THREAT

 

0 CONCERNED
1         6      
2 7
3 8
4 9
5 10

KEY

1. SAMPLES

2. KIND

3. FROM

4. THREAT

5. THEREFORE

6. DUTY

7. DELETED

8. SENSITIVE

9. MATCHES

10. OTHER

 

 

 

 

 

 

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