Optimism comes 0) __________ the Latin word optimus, meaning “best,” which describes 1) __________ an optimistic person is always looking for the best in any situation and expecting good things to happen. Optimism is the tendency to believe, expect or hope that things will turn 2) __________ well. Even if something bad happens, like the loss of a job, an optimist sees the 3) __________ lining. For me, getting fired was the catalyst that allowed me to start my 4) __________ business. As I packed up my office, my mind was already whirling with the possibilities ahead. Without that push, I may never have made the leap to self-employment. Losing my job was a good thing 5) __________ all.
The emerging field of positive psychology studies the positive impact that optimism has 6) __________ mental health. 7) __________ research shows that optimism may be good for my physical health too—optimists are sick less and live 8) __________ than pessimists. Apparently, a positive outlook on life strengthens the immune system (and the body’s defenses against illness), cardiovascular system (optimists have fewer heart attacks), and the body’s ability to handle stress.
Being an optimist or a pessimist indicates the way you talk to yourself. Optimists believe that their own actions result in positive things happening, that they are responsible 9) __________ their own happiness, and that they can expect more good things to happen in the future. Optimists don’t blame themselves when bad things happen. They view bad events as results of something outside of themselves. I didn’t blame myself for losing my job, but saw it as a business decision that had nothing to 10) __________ with me personally.
Pessimists think the opposite way, 11) __________. It is for the bad things that happen in their lives 12) __________ they blame themselves and then they think that one mistake means that more will inevitably come. Pessimists see positive events as things that happen 13) __________ chance, that are outside of their control — something lucky that 14) __________ won’t happen again.
- LONGER / MORE
- DEFINITELY / PROBABLY