Posted by: crisdiaz24 | January 5, 2017

BIAS IN NEWS MEDIA – Cloze Test

CLOZE TEST

 

Read the text and complete the chart below with a word from the list that comes after the text. Every word can only be used ONCE. There are five words that you do not need to use. Question 0 has been answered as an example.

 

BIAS IN NEWS MEDIA

 

Media have tremendous power in setting cultural guidelines and in shaping political discourse. It is essential that news media, 0) __________ with other institutions, are challenged to be fair and accurate. The first 1) __________ in challenging biased news coverage is documenting bias. Here are some questions to ask yourself about newspaper, TV and radio news.

Who are the sources?

Be 2) __________ of the political perspective of the sources used in a story. Media over-rely on “official” (government, corporate and establishment think tank) sources.  For instance, it was found that in 40 months of ABC News Nightline programming, the most frequent guests were Henry Kissinger or Alexander Haig, both Republicans. Progressive and public interest voices were grossly underrepresented.

To portray issues 3) __________ and accurately, media must broaden their spectrum of sources. 4) __________, they serve merely as megaphones for those in power

Is there a lack of diversity?

What is the race and gender diversity of the programme you watch compared to the communities it serves? How many producers, editors or decision-makers are women, people of color or 5) __________ gay or lesbian? In order to represent different communities in a fair way, news programmes or broadcasts should have members of those communities in decision-making positions.

From whose point of view is the news reported?

Political coverage often focuses on how issues affect politicians or corporate executives 6) __________ than those directly affected by the issue. For example, many stories on parental notification of abortion emphasized the “tough choice” confronting male politicians while quoting no women under 18–those with the most at stake in the debate. Economics coverage usually looks at how events impact 7) __________ rather than workers or consumers.

Are there double standards?

Do media hold some people to one standard while using a different standard for other groups? 8) __________ of color who commit crimes are referred to as “super predators,” whereas adult criminals who commit white-collar crimes are often portrayed as having been tragically been led astray.

Do stereotypes distort coverage?

Does coverage of the drug crisis focus almost exclusively on African Americans, 9) __________ the vast majority of drug users are white? Does coverage of women on welfare focus overwhelmingly on African-American women, when the majority of welfare recipients are not black?

What are the unchallenged assumptions?

Often the most important message of a story is not explicitly stated. For instance, in coverage of women on welfare, the age at which a woman had her first child will often be reported—the implication being that the woman’s sexual “promiscuity,” but not institutional 10) __________ factors, are responsible for her plight.

http://fair.org/take-action-now/media-activism-kit/how-to-detect-bias-in-news-media/

 

ALONG                 ECONOMIC          OPENLY               STEP

ALTHOUGH          ECONOMICAL      OTHERWISE         STOCKHOLDERS

AWARE                FAIRLY                  RATHER               YOUNG

DESPITE               HOWEVER           SENSITIVE            YOUTH

 

0 ALONG      
1         6      
2         7      
3         8      
4         9      
5         10      

 

KEY

 

O. ALONG

  1. STEP
  2. AWARE
  3. FAIRLY
  4. OTHERWISE
  5. OPENLY
  6. RATHER
  7. STOCKHOLDRES
  8. YOUTH
  9. ALTHOUGH
  10. ECONOMIC

 

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