Posted by: a2cristina | December 18, 2018

Word Formation

WORD FORMATION

 

HOW BABIES THINK

 

This book is an attempt to inform lay readers about the science that lies behind new trends in child 0) DEVELOPMENT. Years ago, most parents were still under the influence of Freud or BF Skinner, both rather 1) ________________ guides. For his ideas, Freud depended on studies of neurotic adults and Skinner’s 2)________________ were mainly based on the 3) _________________ of rats, which led him to believe that we start life with a brain that is like a blank page. But we now know a great deal more about the human 4) ________________ system; according to the findings of neural science, we arrive in the world with our strategies for 5)________________ already in place. Nevertheless, the greatest 6) ________________ of this book is the tribute it pays to men like Piaget, who were the pioneers in the art of observing children’s 7) ________________ but had to struggle with limited aids to their research.

 

 

0.    DEVELOP DEVELOPMENT
  1. SATISFY
2. CONCLUDE
3. OBSERVE
4. NERVE
5. SURVIVE
6. STRONG
7. BEHAVE

KEY

 

0. DEVELOPMENT

  1. UNSATISFACTORY
  2. CONCLUSIONS
  3. OBSERVATIONS
  4. NERVOUS
  5. SURVIVAL
  6. STRENGTH
  7. BEHAVIOUR

CRISIS IN THE CLASSROM

 

The image of a Japanese school that we have in the West is one of children, 1)________________ towards their teachers, studying hard in tidy classrooms. In contrast, teachers report that the classroom is 2) ________________ becoming a battleground, and the rising tide of 3) ________________ affects them as well as other pupils. There is a widespread 4) ________________ among them that this represents a breakdown of traditional values in society. One teacher commented: “We meant to 5)________________ students to think for themselves and express themselves 6)________________ but the idea of 7) ________________ thought we had in mind was very different from what has developed. 8) ________________, most students think that it just means ‘freedom to do as you like´.”

 

  1. RESPECT
2. INCREASE
3. VIOLENT
4. BELIEVE
5. COURAGE
6. FREE
7. DEPEND
8. FORTUNE

KEY

 

  1. RESPECTFUL
  2. INCREASINGLY
  3. VIOLENCE
  4. BELIEF
  5. ENCOURAGE
  6. FREELY
  7. INDEPENDENT
  8. UNFORTUNATELY

From Cambridge CAE Practice Tests© W. S. Fowler

 

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