Read and complete the blanks in the text below with ONLY ONE suitable word. Number 0 has been answered as an example.
The term sibling 0) __________ to children who are related and living in the same family. Sibling rivalry has existed as 1) __________ as families. Think back to Biblical times and Joseph’s problems with his brothers or of the dreadful time Cinderella had with her stepsisters!
It seems strange that whenever the word sibling comes up, the word rivalry seems sure to follow 2) __________ the fact that there are many solid sibling relationships in families (brothers and sisters who like and enjoy one another).
What causes sibling rivalry? Siblings don’t choose the family they are born 3) __________, don’t choose each other. They may be of different sex, are probably of different age and temperament, and. worst of all, they have to share the one person or the two people they most want for themselves: their parents. 4) __________ factors include:
- Position in the family, for example, the oldest child may be burdened with responsibilities and the younger child 5) __________ his life trying to catch up with an older sibling;
- Sex, for instance, a son may hate his sister because his father seems more gentle with her. On the other 6) __________, a daughter may wish she could go on the hunting trip with her father and brother;
- Age, a five and an eight year old can play some games together but when they become ten and thirteen, they will probably be poles 7) __________.
The most important factor, however, is parental attitude. Parents have been taught that they 8) __________ be impartial but this can be extremely difficult. It’s inevitable that parents will feel differently about children who have different personalities with differing needs, dispositions. and place in the family. Picture the age-old conflict of the young child whining. “It’s not fair. Why can’t I stay up until nine-thirty like Johnny?” Fairness has nothing to do with it. Susie is younger and needs more sleep. It’s as simple as that, and parents are advised 9) __________ to give in to the old “it’s not fair” strategy. Besides, when Susie is finally 10) __________ to stay up until nine-thirty, it will seem a real privilege to her.