HOW IT’S MADE – NEWSPAPERS
- It is the ________________ who chooses the items and pictures to be published.
- These may come from reporters, photographers and ________________ journalists.
- The pages are grouped together in sets of four when the ________________ is complete.
- A plate is a plastic-coated sheet of aluminium, ________________ -thin.
- The images ________________ scan he plate.
- The coating in the ________________ hardens and then washes away.
- The press operator uses them as a(n) ________________ to correctly position the plates on the cylinder.
- The newsprint comes out in rolls which weigh ________________ each.
- workers feed several rolls onto the reeling machine under ________________.
- Double-sided tape connects each roll to the next, ensuring a(n) ________________ and ________________ process.
- There is a station for each ________________, through which the paper passes one at a time.
- Although the printing process starts slowly, it soon reaches ________________ an hour.
- Each line of the press prints a four-page flat and cuts the sheet in half ________________.
- Machines assemble the pages in order and send them off to the ________________ department.
Newspapers can report ________________ and are trusted to deliver ________________ reporting.
 To reel: to wind on a reel; Enrollar. Reel: a rounded object or cylinder or other device that spins and is used to wind up or let out wire, rope, film, etc. Carrete, Bobina.
Read the text and complete the chart below with a word from the list that comes after the text. Every word can only be used ONCE. There are five words that you do not need to use.
NASA’S KEPLER HAS DISCOVERED OVER 1,000 NEW PLANETS IN OUR GALAXY
The mega telescope’s 1) __________ breakthrough is its biggest yet.
Since 2009, the Kepler telescope has been staring deeply into our galaxy for new, potentially habitable planets. And today, NASA has announced that an impressive 1,284 exoplanets (planets orbiting a star 2) __________ than our own sun) have been discovered, bringing the total number of confirmed planets to over 2,000. During NASA’s briefing on Kepler’s mission to uncover other Earth-3) __________ planets, a 4) __________ of experts who research the data extracted from the telescope shared their findings. Paul Hertz, the Astrophysics Division director at NASA, addressed the “are we alone?” elephant in the room by stating 5) __________ confidently that “we live in a time when humanity can answer this question scientifically”. And with Kepler’s help, we are slowly, but surely covering a large piece of ground –er, space. Should you need a refresher, Kepler is the first telescope capable of detecting rocky planets in the habitable zones of their respected stars. In other words, Kepler is incredibly 6) __________ and capable of finding a needle in a haystack, so to speak. Hertz continued with 7) __________ overwhelming observation, saying that “thanks to Kepler, we now know that exoplanets are common. That most stars in our galaxy have planetary systems. And most of those have habitable zones.” Apart from the sheer amount of newly confirmed planets in today’s briefing, the other big announcement came from Timothy Morton, associate research scholar at Princeton University. 8) __________discovery has never been a challenge for Kepler, validating the possible planets it finds can take a ton of work. He and the team at NASA have developed a new statistical analysis method that reduces the overhead of follow-up research required to confirm 9) __________ these detected masses are actually rocky planets and not a false-positive. To simplify a complicated process, not only does the Kepler research team now study the shapes of the signals transmitted by Kepler, they can also find out how likely there are to be other planets that have just the right temperature, chemical makeup and atmospheric characteristics to support life similar 10) __________ what is found on Earth.
Adapted from: http://www.techradar.com/news/world-of-tech/nasa-s-kepler-has-discovered-over-1000-new-planets-in-our-galaxy-1321058
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Elephant in the room ⇒ an obvious truth deliberately ignored by all parties in a situation.
NEWSPAPERS AND MAGAZINES
- Do you often read the news?
- Which magazines and newspapers do you read?
- What kinds of newspapers and magazines do teenagers read in Spain?
- What’s the main difference between a newspaper and a magazine?
- Describe a newspaper or a magazine that you like reading. Tell your partner about:
– What the publication is about,
– What kind of information it contains,
– How often you read it,
– And explain why you read it.
- Are Spanish newspapers biased or do they present the news in an objective way?
- Do you think some news or cartoons should be banned or censored? Remember the Charlie Hebdo terrorist attacks or the cartoons a Danish newspaper published depicting the Prophet Muhammad.
- What are the benefits of reading a newspaper or a magazine?
- What kinds of articles are you most interested in?
- Have you ever read a newspaper or magazine in English?
- As the Internet is getting more and more popular, do you think newspapers and magazines might one day disappear? Do you prefer reading the news online or on printed newspapers?
- Why is it important to read the news?
- Should the government control what is in our newspapers?
- What kind of person can become a good journalist?
- What do you think the important qualities for a news reporter?
PHRASAL VERBS PAGE 82
- Talk about the latest CD / song that a famous singer has brought out? What is your opinion about it?
- Do you know anyone whose home has been broken into? What happened?
- Do you have any household appliances that have broken down recently?
- Do you know of any talks (political or otherwise) that have broken down recently?
- What kind of smells / colours / sights take you back to your childhood?
- Have you come across an old acquaintance recently? What kind of acquaintances do you usually come across when you walk the streets of Santander?
- What makes people able to put up with their spouse / boss / teacher/ siblings?
- Have you ever had to take back anything you said and apologize?
- How often do you put people up?
- Have you ever missed a train or a coach at the exact moment it was pulling out of the station?
- In your opinion, how do you come across as a person?
- Have you ever been to a party / a show that turned out to be a complete disappointment?
- When was the last time you can think of that tens of people turned out to welcome a team back home?
- What kind of people bring out the best in you? What kind of people do not bring out the best in you?
- Do you know of any writer who will bring out a new book soon?
WHAT IS THE FUTURE FOR THE BBC?
- It is said that BBC 3 will be moving online because what can be offered this way is _______________________ and more _______________________ than anything they had on TV.
- This is a traditional BBC policy: when forced by _____________________ to do something they don’t want to do, the company says it’s is the best thing they could possibly be doing.
- According to Steve Hewlett, online broadcasting is not the most _____________________ thing to do.
- However, _____________________ of the viewers think that it should be left as it is.
- If going online happens, a(n) _____________________ in viewership is to be expected among key audiences, such as
- minority _____________________ viewers,
- women from _____________________ families.
- Steve Hewlett thinks that TV is still the _____________________ way that people access the information, though.
- There will still be a _________________________ cut in the content budget.
- The Guardian suggests that there is still a _____________________ shortfall in the forecast budget of the BBC.
- The reason for this shortfall lies in the fact that people watching TV on iPlayer do not have to pay for _______________________.
- If you do not watch TV at the time it is being _____________________, if you only watch it on demand catch-up, _______________________ you do not have to pay for it.
 Shortfall: deficit.
 On demand catch-up: a system for watching TV programmes after they have been broadcast, using a computer, phone, etc. that is connected to the internet.
- BETTER – DISTINCTIVE
- (ABOUT) 80%
- DECLINE – YOUNG – ETHNIC – LOWER INCOME
- 150 MILLION POUND
- A LICENSEE / A LICENSE FEE
- BROADCAST – LEGALLY
CINEMA AND TV SPOILERS
Fill in the gaps a to g with the sentences or clauses 1 to 7 listed after the text.
Everyone’s been there – you’ve saved a TV show to watch later but before you’ve had a chance to get to it, someone’s revealed what happened.
Welcome to the world of the spoiler.
Take the new series of Game of Thrones as an example.
The first episode of series six was shown at 9pm on America’s east coast on Sunday night and at 2am UK time.
But most people will probably watch the 9pm Monday night episode on Sky Atlantic – or later this week on their tablet/phone/TV.
So on your way into work, university or school, you may have heard or seen something you really didn’t want to…
Before 1971, the word spoiler did not mean anything.
Its dictionary definition is: “A description of an important plot development in a television show, film, or book b. ______________________ .”
And it was cinema audiences watching Alfred Hitchcock’s Psycho in 1969 who started ruining the film’s storyline for each other.
An article written about the film, and other ruined endings, was called “Spoilers”.
There’s the famous father/son one from Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back from way back in 1980. If you haven’t seen it yet, tough.
There are plenty of others like Donnie Darko, Fight Club, Seven, The Talented Mr Ripley and Shutter Island.
And then there’s the biggie – the ending to The Usual Suspects from 1995.
You would have been pretty angry (Hulk angry) if someone ruined this one for you back in the day.
Then in the mid-1990s, the internet gave birth to the “newsgroup” conversation.
And in the early days of the web it was all too easy to see a storyline from a show without meaning to.
Fast forward to 2010, the era of online articles, and there was a massive backlash after a US journalist failed to put a spoiler alert in a story about the fourth season of Mad Men, which ruined the surprise for many fans.
Then, with the advent of social media, spoilers went into overdrive.
Add that to the broadcast delays of many US shows in the UK and it all leads to storylines leaking out early.
Remember all those Breaking Bad spoilers?
If you’re a fan of The Good Wife, Scandal, How To Get Away With Murder, etc. you’ll know what we’re talking about.
- ______________________ with shows like House of Cards and Orange is the New Black available immediately in their entirety.
Apps that filter spoilers
So if you want to avoid spoilers – basically stay off Twitter or Facebook. Or Snapchat or Instagram. Basically throw your phone away.
Search for TVShow Time’s Google Chrome extension or Netflix’s spoilerfoiler.com.
In Tweetdeck you can also filter certain words so they don’t appear on your timeline.
Alternatively – just read a book or stick your fingers in your ears if you don’t want to hear what happens in the next Star Wars film just yet.
- After Psycho came decades of films with plot twists which people couldn’t help spoiling for other people.
- And things got even murkier from about 2007 onwards when box sets and streaming services like Netflix started becoming popular.
- If you can’t, there are various filters and extensions you can download.
- It’s not a new phenomenon (Formula 1 and Match of the Day fans have been angry with news organisations broadcasting results for years) but we seem to be angrier than ever about spoilers.
- That’s where people would talk to each other about various topics online – including their favourite programme or film.
- which if previously known may reduce surprise or suspense for a first-time viewer or reader
- With thousands of articles about every detail of a show being ripped apart and examined, it’s impossible to miss what’s happened in some storylines.
IMPACT OF FILM & TELEVISION ON AUSTRALIAN SOCIETY
- Some of the things included in movies and TV today are
– ______________________ placement,
– ______________________ campaigns.
- Movies from the fashion perspective can have a(n) _______________________ effect.
- If movies promote more _______________________, the impact can be negative.
- There is a lot of ______________________ in the Mad Men films because they are set in _______________________.
- TV has the power of promoting certain _____________________ and ________________________.
- Masterchef shows _____________________ being nice to one another, unlike Big Brother.
- Reality TV can have a positive impact on what is _______________________ or on what we are _____________________.
- It is still ______________________ that have a greater influence on children than the mass media or television.
- We are more interested in what hundreds of people have to say about a film than what its _____________________ tells us.
- It is the _____________________ that is more empowered rather than big budget companies.
- The guarantee of longevity is success beyond the _____________________.
- Longevity is longer than ever as it is influenced by _____________________, _____________________ and free TV.
- PRODUCT – ADVERTING
- EDUCATIONAL / INSPIRATIONAL
- SMOKING – THE 60S
- VALUES – LIFESTYLES
- PEOPLE / CONTESTANTS
- IN VOGUE – READING/BUYING / COOKING / EATING
- PARENTS / PEER GROUPS
- ADVERTISING (COMPANIES)
- COMMUNITY / CONSUMERS
- BOX OFFICE
- DVD – PAY TV
- Audio Listening
- Cloze tests
- GENERAL KNOWLEDGE
- key to translations
- key to Video exercises
- Listening websites
- Notice board
- Reading Comprehension
- RECOMMENDED BOOKS
- Sentence completion
- Text Completion
- Useful websites
- Video Listening
- Word Formation