Posted by: crisdiaz24 | April 25, 2017




  1. The Nazca desert is situated in Southern Peru.
  2. Among the animals depicted in the Nazca Desert, we can see ________________, ________________ and ________________.
  3. These depictions date back to ________________.
  4. The commentator thinks the idea of ancient aliens drawing the Nazca Lines is ________________ to our ancestors.
  5. Some people think that the mountain-like structure with no rubble on it was meant to be ________________.
  6. This geological structure is known as a plateau, a(n) ________________.
  7. The landscape is made up of a(n) ________________, ________________ surface covered with reddish brown pebbles [1]with a coating [2]of ________________.
  8. The Incas used to make ________________ to several sites they considered ________________.
  9. The straight lines and the animals are considered to be the product of these repeated ________________.
  10. The Incas thought certain animals decided whether or not it would ________________.
  11. The Incas earned the favour of these animal deities by ________________ a large amount of people.
  12. Many of these trophies may have belonged to their ________________ or may have been born to be ________________.
  13. Not only can the Nazca Lines be seen from the air, but they can also be spotted from the surrounding ________________.

[1] Pebble: small rock. Guijarro.

[2] Coating: a layer that covers a surface. Capa.

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | April 25, 2017




Fill in the gaps with ONE suitable word from the list below. There are FIVE extra words you do not need to use.



With some 900 years of history 0) __________ it, it would almost be a surprise if Edinburgh Castle wasn’t one of Scotland’s most haunted sites. 1) __________ its construction as a military fortress in the early 12th century, the castle has 2) __________ surprise attacks, executions, and even a brief capture by the English. Reincarnated 3) __________ a tourist attraction, Edinburgh Castle now offers haunted tours of its dungeons, 4) __________ once hosted the 5) __________ of Duke Alexander Stewart of Albany (who escaped, stabbing his guards to death and then burning their bodies), Lady Janet Douglas of Glamis (accused of witchcraft and burned at the stake), and an unnamed piper who once wandered 6) __________ one of the castle’s underground passages and never returned.

In 2001, Edinburgh Castle became the site of the one of the largest paranormal investigations in history. A team of nine researchers and 7) __________ 200 members of the public explored the castle’s forgotten chambers and secret passages for signs of ghostly happenings. The public was not told which areas of the castle were 8) __________ to be haunted and which were not. 51% of participants in haunted areas reported paranormal experiences, 9) __________ only 35% did so in the non-haunted areas. 10) __________ figures, sudden drops in temperature and the feeling of something tugging on your clothes are all everyday experiences in Edinburgh.

If the castle’s paranormal activity isn’t enough, Edinburgh also 11) __________ the Mary Kings Close, an underground area of the city in which victims of the Black 12) __________ were quarantined and left to die.

Adapted from:,28804,1855221_1855285_1855267,00.html


AS                                 FROM                          PEST                             SINCE

ACROSS                      LIKE                              PLAGUE                      THAT

BEHIND                       LIKES                            RUMOURED              WHICH

BOASTS                       OTHER                         SAW                             WHILE

DOWN                        OVER                           SHADOWY                 WITNESSED


0 BEHIND   7  
1     8  
2     9  
3     10  
4     11  
5     12  







Posted by: crisdiaz24 | April 20, 2017

Viva la Vida – Coldplay

Fill in the gaps with the words from the box below. There are nine extra words.

Listen to the song and check your answers.





I used to 1) __________ the world
Seas would 2) __________ when I gave the word
Now in the morning I sleep alone
3) __________ the streets I used to own

I used to roll the 4) __________
Feel the 5) __________ in my enemy’s eyes
Listened as the 6) __________ would sing
Now the old king is dead, 7) __________ live the king
One minute I held the key
Next the walls were 8) __________ on me
And I discovered that my 9) __________ stand
Upon pillars of 10) __________ and pillars of sand

I hear Jerusalem 11) __________ a-ringing
Roman cavalry 12) __________ are singing
Be my mirror, my sword and 13) __________
My missionaries in a foreign field
For some reason I can’t explain
Once you’d gone there was never
Never an 14) __________ word
And that was when I ruled the 15) __________

It was a wicked and 16) __________ wind
Blew 17) __________ the doors to let me in
18) __________ windows and the sound of drums
People couldn’t believe what I’d become
Revolutionaries wait
For my head on a silver 19) __________
Just a puppet on a lonely 20) __________
Oh who would ever want to be king?

I hear Jerusalem 11) __________ a-ringing
Roman cavalry 12) __________ are singing
Be my mirror, my sword and 13) __________
My missionaries in a foreign field
For some reason I can’t explain
I know St Peter won’t call my name
Never an 14) __________ word
But that was when I ruled the 15) __________

Oh oh oh oh ohh oh [x5]

Hear Jerusalem 11) __________ a-ringing
Roman cavalry 12) __________ are singing
Be my mirror, my sword and 13) __________
My missionaries in a foreign field
For some reason I can’t explain
I know St Peter won’t call my name
Never an 14) __________ word
But that was when I ruled the 15) __________



AIR                                DICE                             PLATE                          SHIELD

BELLS                          DOWN                          RAISE                           STRING

CASTLES                     FEAR                            RISE                             SWEEP

CHOIRS                       HONEST                      RULE                            UP

CLOSED                      KNACKERED              SALT                             WILD

CROWD                       LONG                           SHATTERED               WORLD






Posted by: crisdiaz24 | April 12, 2017




  1. FIT AS A FIDDLE: This is used to describe someone who is in perfect health.
  2. AND ALL THAT JAZZ: This means that everything related to or similar is included.

Celebrities definitely seem to be starting all the latest trends with fashion, hair and all that jazz.

3. (LIKE) MUSIC TO ONE’S EARS: When you hear exactly what you wanted to hear.

When they read out the results and everyone heard that I got top marks, it was like music to my ears!!

4. CHANGE YOUR TUNE / SING A DIFFERENT TUNE: change one’s ideas, start thinking in a different way, after something has happened.

You’ve definitely changed your tune since the last time I saw you! You used to hate this town!

FACE THE MUSIC: You say this when someone has to accept the negative consequences of something that has happened.

I’m not ready to face the music. I need to figure it out for myself before I speak to them.

6. FOR A SONG: If you buy or sell something for a song, it means it is very cheap.

7. RING A BELL: If something rings a bell, it sounds familiar, but you don’t remember the exact details.

8. DRUM (STHG) INTO SOMEONE’S HEAD:  If you teach something to someone through constant repetition, you drum it into their head.
When we were kids at school, multiplication tables were drummed into our heads.

10. TO BLOW YOUR OWN TRUMPET (GB) / HORN (US) = talk a lot about your own achievements.
Peter spent the whole evening blowing his own trumpet.

  1. Do you know anyone you would describe as being fit as a fiddle?
  2. What would be music to your ears?
  3. On what occasions have you changed your tune?
  4. Can you remember a difficult time when you had to face the music?
  5. Can you tell your partner about something you have bought for a song?
  6. Do you know anyone who often blows his own trumpet?
  7. What kind of things were drummed into your head when you were a child?
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | April 12, 2017



Marvin Gaye




Listen, baby

Ain’t no mountain __________

Ain’t no valley ___________

Ain’t no river ___________ enough, baby.


If you need me, call me

No matter where you are

No matter how __________

Don’t worry, baby.

Just call my name

I’ll be there in a hurry

You don’t have to worry.


‘Cause baby,

There ain’t no mountain __________ enough

Ain’t no valley __________ enough

Ain’t no river __________ enough

To keep me from getting to you, babe.


Remember the day

I set you __________

I told you

You could always count on me, darling.

From that day on I made a vow

I’ll be there when you want me

Some way, somehow.


‘Cause baby,

There ain’t no mountain ___________ enough

Ain’t no valley ___________ enough

Ain’t no river ___________ enough

To keep me from getting to you, babe.


Oh, no, darling

No wind, no rain

Or winter’s cold

Can stop me baby,

No, no, baby

‘Cause you’ re my goal.

If you have any trouble

I’ll be there on the double.

Just send for me, baby.


My love is ___________

Way down in my heart

Although we are miles apart

If you ever need a helping hand

I’ll be there on the double.


Just as fast as I can.


Don’t you know that

There ain’t no mountain __________ enough

Ain’t no valley ___________ enough

Ain’t no river __________ enough

To keep me from getting to you, babe.

Don’t you know that

There ain’t no mountain ___________ enough

Ain’t no valley __________ enough

Ain’t no river __________ enough.

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | April 12, 2017

MUSIC – Speaking Activity


  1. Do you like listening to music?
  1. When and how often do you listen to music? Can you concentrate on things when you are listening to music?
  1. What kinds of music do you like? What are some of your favourite songs? Why do you like them?
  1. Who was your favourite musical artist when you were 10, 15, 18? How about now? What was your favourite band? What about now? How have your musical tastes changed?
  1. Do our taste in music changes a lot when we get older? Do you think your favourite music ten years from now will be the same as it is today?
  1. Why do you think music is important and how does it affect different people?
  2. Why is music important to people and culture?
  3. What would the world be like without music? Can you think of examples of music calming people or increasing their efficiency?
  1. Have you ever been to a live concert? If so, when and where did you go? Who did you see?
  1. Do you like listening to music on the radio?
  1. In your opinion, what is the best song ever written?
  1. Have you ever downloaded tracks from the Internet? Do you think music “sharing” is right for the music industry, artists, consumers? What is your opinion about copyrights?
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | April 8, 2017



  1. We sometimes think that we get ________________ in return for what we have done for someone.
  2. Feeling gratitude moves us into a positive _________________.
  3. However, when others do not give us gratitude we think we deserve, we think it is very difficult to ________________.
  4. A gift is a thing given ________________ to someone without payment.
  5. We usually expect ________________ or ________________ when we give someone something, though.
  6. When we expect something in return, the gift stops being a gift and turns into a ________________.
  7. When you expect the person at the receiving end of the gift to behave differently, this person can feel the _________________you emit and they then feel ________________.
  8. The result is that you too get upset and ________________ yourself ________________ from giving in the future.
  9. After you stop giving, you will get no sympathy, no compassion any more and you will turn ________________ and ________________.
  10. When you give from the heart, you feel ________________. It is the other person that should feel ________________.


  6. TRADE
  8. CUT-OFF
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | April 8, 2017

WEDDINGS – Speaking Activity


  1. Do you think people still marry in church and brides in white because It’s always been done this way?
  1. Are there any laws in Spain about marriage? Where do people have to marry? Do you have to get married in an authorised place, are you allowed to marry anywhere you want?
  1. To get married in Spain, do you have to have a religious ceremony and a civil ceremony?
  1. What do you call the party the groom’s friends throw for him before the night before the wedding?
  1. And the bride’s?
  1. What kind of presents do the guests to the wedding offer the newly-wed couple?
  1. does anybody in particular pay for the wedding reception?
  1. Is getting married costly or extravagant?
  1. What are the Spanish traditions in relation with the dowry?
  1. What superstitions related to weddings in Spain can you think of?
  1. What do you think of pre-nuptial agreements?
  1. What are the differences between Spanish and English weddings? Are any special people who take part in one and not in the other?
  1. What is the right age to get married?
  1. Decide what are the most important qualities for a partner to have?



Posted by: crisdiaz24 | April 4, 2017


THE BERLIN WALL (1961 – 1989)


  1. 0. The Berlin Wall was a symbol of ideological division and suppression of human rights during the Cold War.


  1. It was in ____________________ that the government of East Germany began to build the wall.
  2. The victors of WW2 gathered at Yalta and Potsdam and divided the country into ____________________.
  3. Berlin was located in the ____________________.
  4. A Soviet blockade attempted to ____________________ the Western allies.
  5. During the blockade, the US and its allies had to drop_____________________ supplies from airplanes.
  6. The western sector contrasted sharply with the economically _____________________ East.
  7. Many people, such as highly _____________________ workers, escaped from East Berlin.
  8. Between 1945 and 1951 _____________________ of the population of East Berlin had fled to the west.
  9. In order to go to West Berlin, East Berliners had to pass through one of three ____________
  10. It was when E. Allan Lightner was prevented from _____________________ East Berlin that a major crisis arose.
  11. American and Soviet _____________________ faced each other for many hours.
  12. JF Kennedy then got in touch with Khrushchev and convinced him to _____________________ them.
  13. Anyone trying to escape was going to be ____________
  14. _____________________ dogs, _____________________lights and minefields were set up to prevent escape.
  15. The Reunification of East and West Berlin was made official on _____________________.





  1. August 1961
  2. four allied occupation zones
  3. Soviet part of the country
  4. starve
  5. food / fuel
  6. poor
  7. skilled
  8. 15-20%
  9. checkpoints
  10. access to / entering
  11. tanks
  12. withdraw
  13. shot
  14. guard – search
  15. October 3, 1990




Read the following text and choose which of the sentences below fits into the numbered gaps. There are NO extra sentences. Blank 0 has been answered as an example.

Why Study History? By William H. McNeill

Why should anyone bother learning about 0) ________________? Who cares about Cleopatra, Charlemagne, Montezuma or Confucius? And why worry about George Washington, or how democratic government and industrial society arose? Isn’t there quite enough to learn about the world today? Why add to the burden 1) __________? Historians ought to try to answer such questions 2) __________, and what it cannot do. But since no one can speak for the historical profession as a whole, this essay is no more than a personal statement, commissioned by the American Historical Association in the hope of convincing 3) __________and necessary for the education of effective citizens and worthy human beings. Historical knowledge is no more and no less than carefully and critically constructed collective memory. As such it can both make 4) __________in our private lives.

Without individual memory, a person literally loses his or her identity, and would not know how to act in encounters with others. Imagine waking up one morning unable 5) __________! Collective memory is similar, though its loss does not immediately paralyze everyday private activity. But ignorance of history – that is, absent or defective collective memory – does 6) __________, especially in encounters with outsiders, whether the outsiders are another nation, another civilization, or some special group within national borders.

Often it is enough for experts to know about outsiders, if their advice is listened to. But democratic citizenship and effective participation in the determination of public policy require citizens to share a collective memory, organized into historical knowledge and belief. Otherwise, agreement on  7) __________is difficult to achieve. Agreement on some sort of comfortable falsehood will not do, for 8) __________, we cannot expect to accomplish intended results, simply because we will fail to foresee how others are likely to react to anything we decide on. Nasty surprises and frustrating failures are sure to multiply under such circumstances.

This value of historical knowledge obviously justifies 9) __________, for the way things are descends from the way they were yesterday and the day before that. But in fact, institutions that govern a great deal of our everyday behavior took shape hundreds or even thousands of years ago. Having been preserved and altered across the generations to our own time, they are sure to continue into the future. The United States government is such an institution; so is the world market, armies and the Christian church. Skills like writing, and devices like bureaucracy are even older than Christianity, and 10) __________left behind by Stone Age hunters as much as twenty thousand years ago. Only an acquaintance with the entire human adventure on earth allows us to understand these dimensions of contemporary reality.

Memory is not something fixed and forever. As time passes, remembered personal experiences take on new meanings. A bitter disappointment may come to seem a blessing in disguise; a triumph may later turn sour, while something trivial may subsequently loom large-all because of what happens later on. Collective memory is quite the same. Historians are always at work reinterpreting the past, asking new questions, searching new sources and finding new meanings in old documents in order to bring the perspective of new knowledge and experience to bear on the task of understanding the past. This means, of course, that what we know and believe about history is always changing. In other words, our collective, codified memory alters with time just as personal memories do, and for the same reasons.

a. all concerned that the study of history is indeed worthwhile

b. by looking at the past

c. by saying what the study of history is good for

d. concerns that bother us still can be read into the cave paintings

e. deprive us of the best available guide for public action

f. teaching and learning about what happened in recent times

g. things that happened far away and long ago

h. to tell total strangers from family and friends

i. us wiser in our public choices and more richly human

j. what ought to be done in a given situation

k. without reasonably accurate knowledge of the past

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