Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 26, 2019

Cleft Sentences

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/word-order-and-focus/cleft-sentences-it-was-in-june-we-got-married

 

http://random-idea-english.blogspot.com/2012/04/emphasis-focussing-with-cleft-sentences.html

Correct the wrong sentences below so that they are correct.

For example: It si / was not Cervantes that wrote Romeo and Juliet. It was Shakespeare.

It is / was not Beethoven that composed Bolero. It was / is Ravel.

 

CLEFT SENTENCES A

 

  1. Cervantes wrote Romeo and Juliet. (Shakespeare)
  2. Marconi discovered radium. (Marie Curie)
  3. The Marx Brothers invented the first successful airplane. (The Brothers Wright)
  4. Mozart composed The Ninth Symphony. (Beethoven)
  5. Angelina Jolie divorced Orlando Bloom in 2016. (Brad Pitt)
  6. María Dueñas wrote The Old Man and the Sea. (Hemingway / Tiempo entre Costuras)
  7. Viggo Mortensen plays a role in The Mule. (Green Book)
  8. David Cameron was Prime Minister in 2018. (Theresa May)
  9. Ocean 8 stars George Clooney. (Sandra Bullock)
  10. Guaidó is Venezuela’s President. (Maduro)
  11. Velázquez painted The Last Supper. (Leonardo da Vinci)
  12. President Kennedy was assassinated in Houston in 1969. (Dallas)
  13. James Cook discovered Brazil. (Australia)
  14. Hugh Laurie was born in the United States. (England)
  1. Nicole Kidman played the role of Miranda Priestley in The Devil wears Prada.. (Meryl Streep)
  2. Pasteur invented the telephone. (Graham Bell)
  3. Hitler defeated Napoleon at Trafalgar. (Nelson)
  4. Green Book is set in California. (The Deep South)
  1. John Lennon was assassinated in Liverpool in 1980. (New York)
  2. A Sorolla exhibition can now be seen at Santander’s Fine Arts Museum. (The National Gallery in London)
  3. Theresa May is France’s President. (Macron)

 

 

CLEFT SENTENCES B

 

  1. Beethoven composed Bolero. (Ravel)
  2. Casey Affleck stars in a new Netflix film called Triple Frontier.. (Ben Affleck)
  3. There has been a terrorist attack in Australia this month (New Zealand / Holland)
  4. The Rosetta Stone can be seen at the Archaeological Museum in Madrid. (British Museum)
  5. The Twin Towers were destroyed on September, 12th, 2001. (September, 11th)
  6. Amundsen was the first man to climb Mount Everest. (Edmund Hillary)
  7. One million people demonstrated in London against the EU on Saturday. (Brexit)
  8. Napoleon invaded England in the year 1066. (William the Conqueror)
  9. Jail Bolsonaro is the President of Chile. (Brasil)
  10. A concert of the works of the Strauss family takes place every year on the 2nd of January in Vienna. (1st)
  11. You can visit the Leaning Tower in Naples. (Pisa)
  12. Stephen King wrote The Da Vinci Code. ( Dan Brown)
  13. Two Boeings 737 crashed in America this month. (Africa)
  14. King Fernando VII abdicated in 2014. (King Juan Carlos)
  15. The Spanish Armada was defeated under the reign of Queen Victoria. (Elizabeth I)
  16. Louis Armstrong was the first man to ever set foot on the Moon. (Neil Armstrong)
  17. General Elections will be held in Spain on the 30th April. (28th)
  18. Hillary Clinton was elected President of the United States in 2016. (Donald Trump)
  19. Einstein invented the light bulb. (Edison)
  20. Pope Francis comes from Mexico. (Argentina)
  21. Stieg Larsson wrote The Shadow of the Wind in 2001. (Carlos Ruiz Zafón)
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NEARLY A MILLION MORE YOUNG ADULTS NOW LIVE WITH PARENTS

 

 

Number has 0) __________ from 2.4 million to 3.4 million in 20 years, report says

1) __________ a million more young adults are living with their parents than was the case two decades ago, a study has found.

The figures, in a report by the right-leaning thinktank Civitas, will fuel concerns that too 2) __________ is being done to protect young people from Britain’s housing crisis.

Not only 3) __________the report say the findings have profound implications for the government’s house building targets, it also notes a “collapse in single living” among those who do move 4) __________ of their parental home, as young people are now far more likely to be living with partners or friends.

“The report confirms what we feel anecdotally to be the case,” said Daniel Bentley, the editorial director of Civitas. “Younger people are beginning to live with their parents for 5) __________ and are finding it more difficult to be independent.

This has implications for how many homes will 6) __________ to be built in the future. The government develops its house building targets using household projections, calculating how many households are likely to be formed in the future by looking at patterns over recent decades. Bentley said if the government failed to acknowledge the drop 7) __________ the number of young people moving out or living alone, “it will reinforce an undersupply for housing for decades”.

“Jeffrey Patrick”, 26, who asked for his real name not to be published, moved 8) __________ in with his parents in north London six months ago after struggling to find a stable job. After six months of being on employment support allowance, he was 9) __________ he no longer qualified for the benefit.

“The most frustrating things about it is, one, you’re 26, you’re 10) __________ to have achieved so much at life, but you’re back at home living with your parents. It’s also unfair on my parents – they have to have a 26-year-old move back into the house, which creates all sorts of pressures on them,” he said.

“It has a massive effect on your social life. It’s difficult to sustain a relationship when you’re next door to your parents, you’re geographically distant from your friends and you’re in an area that’s really grim.”

 

Adapted from © The Guardian, February 2019

 

 

 

0 RISEN      
1         6      
2         7      
3         8      
4         9      
5         10      

 

 

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 26, 2019

EXERCISE ON ADJECTIVES + PREPOSITIONS PAGE 60

EXERCISE ON ADJECTIVES + PREPOSITIONS PAGE 60

 

  1. What kind of things are young Spanish people addicted to?
  2. Generally speaking, what percentage of full-legal-age Spaniards are still dependent on their parents?
  3. What kind of things are Spanish people fed up with these days?
  4. Sentence 6 from your Student’s Book states that a lot of people are hooked on American TV series? Do you think it is true? If so, is it something positive or something negative?
  5. What kind of TV programmes are 20-year-olds / 50 year-olds / 70 year-olds addicted to?
  6. What is the reason for young couples not to be so keen on getting married as 50 years ago?
  7. Is there anything Spanish men / Spanish women are obsessed with nowadays?
  8. What nationalities are usually kind and helpful to foreign visitors? Which ones can be unpleasant or impolite?
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 19, 2019

Conditional Sentences – Board Game

Click on the following link should you want to get access to a board game on conditional sentences:

BOARD GAME ON Conditional sentences

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 19, 2019

Addictions – Cloze Test

CLOZE TEST

Read the text and complete the chart below with a word from the list that comes after the text. Every word can only be used ONCE. There are FIVE words that you don’t need to use. Question 0 has been answered as an example.

 

There are many different reasons for addiction, and individuals will often 0) ____________ an addiction through a confluence of these reasons.

There is evidence at the genetic/heredity level that seems to indicate predisposition. This means that certain genetic 1) ____________ are shared among people who have addictions that do not appear in other segments of the population. These characteristics may allow for certain aspects of a person’s physiology to be more 2) ____________ to developing dependence. This can be seen in certain variations in how different individuals process or produce neurochemicals in their brain. This also has to 3) ____________ with how receptor sites on brain cells operate.

Environmental factors also play a 4) ____________. A person’s level of self-awareness and feelings of self-5) ____________ would necessarily play their part. Situations which may 6) ____________ early on in a person’s life may create a distinct lack of value that one may normally develop for themselves. This can open the door for the need to supplant actual feelings of self-love and satisfaction with what ephemeral and external 7) ____________can provide.

Addictions come in many forms, from chemical substances which elicit physiological and psychological effects such as euphoria or detachment, to actions 8) ____________ sex or shopping or gambling. While they all are unique and have numerous, complex beginnings, they all pretty much 9) ____________ down to an individual seeking to create within themselves an environment of happiness and contentment that they feel they lack, especially when seen in 10) ____________ to others around them.
Adapted from: http://www.answerbag.com/q_view/114713

 

ARISE                 DEVELOP           PRONE               SOURCES

BOIL                   DO                      RAISE                 SUCH

COMPARISON LIKE                     ROLE                  TRAITS

CONFIDENT   MARKS               SEE                      WORTH

 

 

 

0 DEVELOP
1 6
2 7
3 8
4 9
5 10

 

KEY

 

0. DEVELOP

  1. TRAITS
  2. PRONE
  3. DO
  4. ROLE
  5. WORTH
  6. ARISE
  7. SOURCES
  8. LIKE
  9. BOIL
  10. COMPARISON
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 19, 2019

10 LOTTERY WINNERS THAT WENT BROKE – Video Listening

 

 

 

10 LOTTERY WINNERS THAT WENT BROKE

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X6WDoZZciHA

 

0. Winning the lottery would be a(n) dream come true for most of us.

  1. In 1990, Alex and Rhonda Toth won $13 million on the lottery. In those days they only had $__________ to live on.
  2. They spent the money they won on…

– family and friends.

– extensive ________________

  1. Before long, their attitude to money and Alex’s addiction to ________________ made them go bankrupt.
  2. They had to move to a trailer park and used a(n) ________________ for electricity.
  3. The IRS [1]then accused them of committing ________________; they owed the IRS three million dollars.
  4. Alex suffered a(n) ________________ before the trial.
  5. After doing time in prison, Rhonda now lives off a(n) ________________ and disability.
  6. William “Bud” Post was working as a carnival worker when he won $ ________________ in 1988.
  7. In three months he already owed $500,000 as he had spent his money on buying…

–     a used car lot,

– a twin-engine  ________________ even though he didn’t have a(n)               ________________.

  1. By 1989 he was ___________. His current monthly budget amounts to $________________.
  2. Before winning $18 million on the lottery, Janite Lee was running a(n) ________________.
  3. After getting so much money, she went on a ________________ spree and gave money to ________________.
  4. She took out a big ________________ to buy a million-dollar home, and several ________________.
  5. She also took out bank ________________ for hundreds of thousands of dollars.
  6. In 2001 she filed for ________________.

[1] IRS:  (US) Internal Revenue Service. Hacienda Pública.

 

KEY

 

0. DREAM COME TRUE

  1. 27
  2. TRAVELLING
  3. GAMBLING
  4. CAR ENGINE
  5. TAX FRAUD
  6. HEART ATTACK
  7. WIDOW’S PENSION
  8. 6.2 MILLION
  9.  JET – PILOT’S LICENCE
  10. (FLAT) BROKE – 450
  11. WIG SHOP
  12. DONATION – POLITICAL CANDIDATES
  13. MORTGAGE – LUXURY CARS
  14. LOANS
  15. BANKRUPTCY
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 19, 2019

Recommendation – A New Website

I have just discovered a new website with Reading, Listening, Grammar, Vocabulary exercises, from Levels A1 to C2.  I strongly recommend you have a look at it and do some of the exercises:

https://www.clgranada.com/recursos-idiomas/c1-acvanced/

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 15, 2019

CONDITIONAL SENTENCES – SPEAKING

CONDITIONAL SENTENCES 

FIRST CONDITIONAL

 

  1. What will you do if you pass all your exams at the end of the school year?
  2. What will you do if you happen to meet an old boyfriend / girlfriend of yours at Christmas?
  3. What will you do if you happen to oversleep tomorrow?
  4. What will you do if you happen to be caught in a traffic jam and not be able to come to class on Monday / Tuesday?

 

SECOND CONDITIONAL

 

  1. What would happen if scientists were to find a cure for AIDS and cancer?
  2. Should Maduro resign, what would happen?
  3. Were you to find out your boyfriend / girlfriend / husband / wife is cheating on you, what would you do?
  4. Were you to get an awful Christmas present from your mother-in-law, would you tell her how you felt about it?
  5. Were you to be called names in front of a large number of people, what would you do?

 

THIRD CONDITIONAL

 

  1. What would you have done if
  • you hadn’t come here today?
  • You hadn’t decided to learn English?
  • You had had time this week?
  • You had been born a member of the opposite sex?
  • You had followed your parents advice?
  • You had won the lottery recently?
  • You had found 500 Euros on your way here today?
  • You had met an alien from outer space on your way here?
  • You had met your great-great-grandparents?
  • You had lived in the 19th Century?
  1. What would you have worn if you had been to a party yesterday evening?
  2. What would your parents have done if you had been born a member of the opposite sex?
  3. What would have happened if America had not been discovered yet?
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 15, 2019

Conditional Sentenses – Explanation + Inversion + Exercise

Click on the following link to get access to the grammatical explanation of CONDITIONAL sentences, the possible INVERSIONS and an exercise about tenses in conditionals.

 

CONDITIONALS explanation

 

 

KEY TO THE LAST EXERCISE

  1. HAD NOT EATEN
  2. STAND / WILL STAND / MAY-MIGHT STAND
  3. WILL NOT FUNCTION
  4. WOULDN’T HAVE
  5. WALKED
  6. WANT
  7. WILL BE / IS
  8. WOULD EXPERIENCE
  9. MUST STOP / SHOULD STOP
  10. WOULDN’T HAVE HAPPENED
  11. DON’T WANT
  12. STAY
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 7, 2019

FINNS ESCAPE SCREENS IN PHONE-FREE BAR – Open Cloze Test

Fill in each gap with ONE word ONLY.

FINNS ESCAPE SCREENS IN PHONE-FREE BAR

 

A new cocktail bar in Finland has imposed a ban 0) __________ mobile phones, to the delight of most patrons.

Chihuahua Julep, which opened in central Helsinki in August, initially just encouraged customers to put their phones away so that the lights from the screens 1) __________ not ruin the ambience, Finnish public service broadcaster Yle reports.

But only after staff brought in a total ban2) ___________ customers put their phones in a box on arrival.

Chihuahua Julep owner Jami Jarvinen admits that some have struggled with the rule, in particular young people and parents anxious to 3) __________ track of their children, but most welcome the chance to “unwind without the pings and buzzes of smart phones”.

“It’s great to see that it was the right decision. People really need a moment in their hectic daily lives to relax 4) __________ smart devices, and many wouldn’t do so if we hadn’t decided to enforce the ban,” Mr Jarvinen told Yle.

He said the ban has been a blessing for his staff too, as they have witnessed “many unforgettable moments” of people getting to know each other in person 5) __________ a change.

The bar’s customers seem to appreciate the ban too. Minna said her first time in Julep was “confusing”, but 6) __________ her second visit she found giving up her phone easier. “I used to feel that I was missing out on something important,” she told Yle, “but now it’s possible to enjoy yourself”.

Finland, home of the Nokia phone, has seen a great 7) __________ of public debate about screen dependency recently.

Psychiatrist Jukka Makela has suggested a ban on phones in schools, 8) __________ Suvi Uski, a psychologist specialising in social media addiction, estimates that 90% of smart phone users have a problem.

This is consistent with with research elsewhere. A study at the McCombs School of Business at the University of Texas last year reported that the mere presence of a mobile phone in the line of vision causes a lapse in concentration – 9) __________ if the device is switched off.

The phone ban at Chihuahua Julep is not as drastic 10) __________ the step a landlord took to stop mobile use in his pub in Sussex in the UK: he installed a Faraday Cage all around the bar to block phone signals completely.

 

Adapted from: https://www.bbc.com/news/blogs-news-from-elsewhere-45966275

 

 

0)  ON

 

 

KEY

 

0. ON

  1. WOULD / DID
  2. DID
  3. KEEP
  4. WITHOUT
  5. FOR
  6. ON
  7. DEAL
  8. WHILE / WHEREAS
  9. EVEN
  10. AS

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