WORD FORMATION

DENMARK REGAINS TITLE OF ‘WORLD’S HAPPIEST COUNTRY’

 

Denmark has been declared the planet’s most 1) __________ (CONTENT) country, beating Switzerland, Iceland, Norway and Finland to top spot in the annual World Happiness Report.

Britain fell two places to 23rd in the report, which ranks 157 countries according to factors such as 2) __________ (EQUAL), GDP per capita, social support, life 3) __________ (EXPECT) , “perceptions of corruption” and “freedom to make life choices” – placing it below the likes of Mexico and Singapore. The study, the work of the 4) __________ (SUSTAIN) Development Solutions Network, a global initiative for the United Nations, also examined how people 5) __________ (VALUE) their own lives on a scale of 0 to 10.

Despite being famous for its cold winters, Viking 6) __________ (RAID) and the melancholy Prince Hamlet, Denmark beat last year’s winner, Switzerland, with a total “happiness score” of 7.526. It has fared well in every recent report, taking top spot in 2013 and third place in 2015.

At the other end of the table,  Burundi was rated the least happy country, with a score of just 2.905, followed by Syria, Togo, Afghanistan and Benin. The lowest European country in the rankings was Bulgaria, at 129th, while Greece and Portugal also performed badly, sitting 99th and 94th, 7) __________ (RESPECT). The United States rose two places to 13th.

Denmark’s success can be attributed to its good life (80 years, well above the global average of 71), GDP per capita ($44,916, according to World Bank figures, placing it 17th overall), free/tax-financed health care, and 8) __________ (ENVY) welfare system, which has made its wealth gap one of the world’s smallest. But it has also  been  suggested in the past that Danes are 9) __________ (GENE)  happier than people from other countries. In 2014 research by the University of Warwick suggested that “the greater a nation’s genetic distance from Denmark, the lower the reported wellbeing of that  nation.”

10) __________ (CONVERSE), people from  Burundi are expected to live up to the age of just 56 and its GDP per capita is $770.

 

Adapted from The Daily telegraph

 

KEY

  1. CONTENTED
  2. EQUALITY
  3. EXPECTANCY
  4. SUSTAINABLE
  5. EVALUATE
  6. RAIDERS
  7. RESPECTIVELY
  8. ENVIABLE
  9. GENETICALLY
  10. CONVERSELY
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | November 27, 2016

The Surpirisning Science of Happiness

 

THE SURPRISING SCIENCE OF HAPPINESS

Dan Gilbert

 

  1. In two million years our brain has become _____________________ times as big as Homo Habilis’.

 

  1. Our brain weighs approximately _____________________.

 

  1. Our brain is so big because it has got something Homo Habilis’ did not have: _____________________.

 

  1. This part of our brain works as a(n) _____________________ simulator.

 

  1. This part of our brain, together with _____________________, standing upright, and language is what make us be what we are.

 

  1. Dan Gilbert tells the audience about contemplating two futures: _____________________ and _____________________.

 

  1. The research he and his team have been doing  has revealed somthing called the “impact bias”, i.e., the tendency for the simulator to _____________________.

 

  1. What surprises Dan Gilbert very much is the fact that, with a few exceptions, major life traumas have little _____________________ on our happiness.

 

  1. The reason behind this is that human beings have a kind of psychological _____________________ system.

 

  1. This system consists of largely _____________________ cognitive processes that help us change our view of the world, so we can feel better about it.

 

KEY

 

  1. THREE
  2. THREE POUNDS
  3. THE FRONTAL LOBE / THE PRE-FRONTAL CORTEX
  4. EXPERIENCE
  5. OPPOSABLE THUMBS
  6. WINNING THE LOTTERY – BECOMING PARAPLEGIC
  7. wORK BADLY / MAKE YOU BELIEVE THAT DIFFERENT OUTCOMES ARE MORE DIFFERENT THAN THEY ACTUALLY ARE.
  8. IMPACT
  9. IMMUNE
  10. NON-CONSCIOUS

 

VOCABULARY

 

pop quiz: examen sorpresa, prueba sorpresa.

Yuck: ¡puaj!

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | November 22, 2016

WHO ARE YOU, REALLY? THE PUZZLE OF PERSONALITY

WHO ARE YOU, REALLY? THE PUZZLE OF PERSONALITY

Brian Little

 

  1. As a psychologist, Brian Little thinks the people from the audience are _____________________.
  1. There are 47 people in the audience whose _____________________ he would like to discuss.
  1. Brian Little will not point at these people as he thinks this would be _____________________ and _____________________.
  1. He feels _____________________ by these 47 people.
  1. One of the most influential approaches in Psychology Science is known as _____________________ Psychology.
  1. The five dimensions he is talking about refer to aspects of _____________________.
  1. The acronym OCEAN refers to:
  • O: _____________________ to experience.
  • C: _____________________
  • E: _____________________
  • A: _____________________ individuals.
  • N: _____________________ individuals.
  1. These characteristics are connected to our _____________________.
  1. Open-minded people achieve success by being _____________________.
  1. The example Brian Little gives is that it is virtually impossible for us to _____________________.

 

 

KEY

 

  1. INTRIGUING
  2. PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS
  3. GRATUITOUS – INTRUSIVE
  4. FASCINATED
  5. TRAIT
  6. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PEOPLE
  7. O: OPEN; C: CONSCIENTIOUSNESS; E: EXTRAVERSION; A: AGREEABLE; N: NEUROTIC
  8. WELL-BEING
  9. AUDACIOUS AND OCCASIONALLY ODD
  10. LICK THE OUTSIDE OF OUR OWN ELBOW.

 

VOCABULARY

GRATUITOUS: UNNECESSARY.  ARBITRARIO..

LACKADAYSICALABÚLICO.

TWIT: (BR. SLANG) IDIOT, INEPT

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | November 19, 2016

FEELING UNDER THE WEATHER? Word Formation

FEELING UNDER THE WEATHER?

The commonly held 0. belief (BELIEVE) that the weather affects our moods which 1. ________________ (ORIGIN) gave rise to this expression has now received 2. ________________ (SCIENCE) confirmation from research carried out at the University of Kiev. The researchers found that 3. ________________ (EXPOSE) to an atmospheric 4. ________________ (DISTURB) such as a storm can cause the air pressure to fluctuate. This not only causes people’s hearts to beat faster but has an adverse effect on their 5. ________________ (PERFORM) of tasks. When volunteers were observed under 6. ________________ (CONTROL) conditions, their ability to recall objects improved 7. ________________ (NOTICE) when regular air pressure was restored.

FROM  W. S. FOWLER

 

KEY

 

0. BELIEF

  1. ORIGINALLY
  2. SCIENTIFIC
  3. EXPOSURE
  4. DISTURBANCE
  5. PERFORMANCE
  6. UNCONTROLLED
  7. NOTICEABLY

 

 

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | November 19, 2016

PERSONALITY THEORIES

 

  1. Why was Nelson Mandela awarded the Nobel Peace Prize?
  1. Mention five personality traits which can describe Mandela’s personality.
  1. Write down the dates:
  • Mandela’s birth date:
  • The first time he voted in a government election:
  • How long he was imprisoned:
  • The year he was elected President of South Africa.
  1. What questions must be taken into consideration when studying personality?
  1. What do personality theorists agree on?
  1. What is the purpose of studying personality?
  1. Who was Sigmund Freud?
  1. What did Freud’s patients have in common?
  1. What is the Id?
  1. What is the conscious part of our personality?
  1. When does the Super-Ego develop?
  1. What does psychoanalysis stress?
  1. What is brilliant about Freud’s theories?
  1. What does the child develop during the oral stage?

KEY

  1. He ended (brought an end to) racial Apartheid in South Africa.
  2. wise, idealitic, enigmatic, private, pragmatic, attentive, practical, charming, courteous…
  3. 1918 – 1994 – From 1964 to 1990 (26 years) – 1994
  4. heredity and environment
  5. we are all born with some of the elements of personality, but the rest we learn through our interaction.
  6. To understand individual differences.
  7. A Viennese physician who lived from 1859 till 1939.
  8. Repressed sexuality and a complex around this repressed sexuality.
  9. The primitive part of our personality that is present at birth and is totally unconscious.
  10. The Ego.
  11. Around the ages of 5 or 6.
  12. The importance of unconscious mental processes.
  13. He formulated the development of personality in terms of a biological time schedule / along time.
  14. Security / a mother-child bond.

 

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | November 19, 2016

PERSONALITY – Speaking Activity

PERSONALITY

 

 

  1. Look at the list below and think of different people you could match with any of the following traits:

 

 

Aggressive                  confident                    unreliable                   rational

Imaginative                prejudiced                 understanding          modest

unpredictable           grumpy                       manipulative             stubborn

generous                    Competitive               demanding                vain

 

  1. Which of the adjectives from the list above would you qualify as positive adjectives? Which ones as negatives? Which neutral? What other adjectives can you think of?

 

  1. Which of the following phrases apply to you?

 

  • Are you…

 

  • easy to fool?
  1. easily embarrassed?
  2. conventional?
  3. shy?
  • proud?
  1. serious?
  • competitive?
  1. down-to-earth?
  2. lacking in energy?
  3. a risk taker?
  • tolerant?
  1. tactful?
  2. assertive?
  3. upset when others are aggressive?
  4. self-controlled?
  5. able to handle stressful situations?
  6. helpful?
  7. easily satisfied?
  8. emotional?
  9. easily upset?

 

  1. What are your own personal characteristics? Which five characteristics would you look for most in a friend?

 

  1. Fact: People form 90% of their opinion of someone in the first 90 seconds.

What conclusions can you draw from the following information?

 

  1. A man who wears an earring in one ear.
  2. A woman with an earring in her nose.
  3. A man with a beard or moustache.
  4. A woman who wears heavy make-up.
  5. A 60-year-old man with long hair.
  6. Someone who wears a lot of jewellery.
  7. Someone who is always laughing.
  8. Someone who bites their nails.
  9. Someone who has tattoos.
  10. Someone with red hair.

 

 

  1. WORD SEARCH

 

There are eleven negative adjectives of personality hidden in the box below. Try to find them.

E S D X F K U E B D V Q H Y I

X T G Y J P U C E W E I K H N

T B A W G H N Q W V R Q C T E

N J A R F D A U Y R D Y S R F

A T S S E L T C A T L B O O F

R R I Q O D T T C Q O B R W I

E L B A T C I D E R P N U T C

L S K L W O F S N Y B P M S I

O W I Y N M C D N I J R D U E

T J R A Y B O O D O K H V R N

N A L J C C N D X N C N X T T

I T E E R C S I D N I N U N F

F I M P A T I E N T G A I U B

I R R E S P O N S I B L E M K

Z H N C P Z C X D Z L C Y H J

 

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | November 15, 2016

Giving recommendations / Making suggestions

1

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | November 15, 2016

Meryl Streep – Video

MERYL STREEP – MINI BIOGRAPHY

 

1.Meryl Streep is well-known for completely _____________________ into her characters.

  1. Meryl Streep has received _____________________ Academy Awards Nominations.
  2. One of her strength as a performer is the fact that she can play both ____________________ and _____________________.
  3. She was born in the state of _____________________.
  4. She worked _____________________ before making her first film.
  5. In 1978 she starred in _____________________, alongside Robert de Niro.
  6. In 1979 she won the Academy Award for _____________________.
  7. In Sophie’s Choice she mastered a(n) _____________________.
  8. In that film she was playing the role of a(n) _____________________.
  9. Meryl Streep has always had the gift of _____________________ throughout her career.
  10. In The Devil Wears Prada she plays the role of Miranda Priestley, a(n) _____________________.
  11. In The Iron Lady, as Margaret Thatcher, Meryl Streep is totally _____________________.

 

KEY

 

  1. TRANSFORMING
  2. 17
  3. COMEDY – DRAMA
  4. NEW JERSEY
  5. ON BROADWAY
  6. THE DEER HUNTER
  7. BEST SUPPORTING ACTRESS
  8. POLISH ACCENT
  9. CONCENTRATION CAMP SURVIVOR
  10. MIMICKING ACCENTS
  11. MAGAZINE EDITOR
  12. BELIEVABLE
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | November 15, 2016

Recommendations and Suggestions (2)

TO SUGGEST AND TO RECOMMEND

  1. My friends: “Come on – you can take part in the competition with us. You are just as good as we are.”

                                                                                                                                       

  1. The director: “Let’s try this scene a different way, shall we?”

                                                                                                                                     

  1. My mother: “Whatever you do, do not forget to get your grandmother a birthday card”.

                                                                                                                                       

  1. “Why don’t you go out with your friends and have some fun?”, my mother asked me.

                                                                                                                                       

  1. “If I were you, I’d try to find a job abroad”, Susan told me.

                                                                                                                                       

The doctor told me: “Why don’t you take a week off and relax a little?”

                                                                                                                                       

  1. John told me: “You must go and see the exhibition at the London Library”.

                                                                                                                                       

  1. If I were you, I would prepare a report ASAP”.

                                                                                                                                       

  1. “We should get up earlier”, Mary told me.

                                                                                                                                       

  1. Lucas, you should look for a new job.

                                                                                                                                       

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | November 15, 2016

Recommendations and Suggestions – Rephrasing exercise

RECOMMENDATIONS AND SUGGESTIONS

REPHRASING

  1. He said, “Let’s read the instructions first.”

He suggested…

  1. She said, “Why don’t you apply for a job permit, Tom?”

She suggested…

  1. I told them, “You should move house.”

I recommended…

  1. “Don’t leave school now. You’ll regret it.”

I suggested…

  1. “Why don’t you buy a new computer? Yours is really old.”

I recommended…

  1. “You should try and get a new job.”

He suggested…

  1. Can you tell us about a good restaurant near here?

Can you suggest…

  1. “You should start studying a foreign language if you want a better job.”

He recommended…

  1. “Why don’t you start studying a new language?”

He recommended…

  1. “Why don’t we go out for a meal?

He suggested…

KEY

  1. He suggested reading the instructions first.
  2. She suggested (that) Tom (should) apply for a job permit.
  3. I recommended moving house / I recommended (that) they (should) move house.
  4. I suggested (that) he / she should not leave school now / then, because they would regret it. / I suggested not leaving school  now…
  5. I recommended buying a new computer, as his was very old.
  6. He suggested trying and getting a new job.
  7. Can you suggest (the name of) a good restaurant near here?
  8. He recommened that I should start studying a foreign language if I wanted a better job. / He recommended studying a new….
  9. He recommended studying a new language.
  10. He suggested going out for a meal.

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