Posted by: crisdiaz24 | May 5, 2016

Expressing Purpose

EXPRESSING PURPOSE

 

A: Put one word into each of the sentences below.

  • I volunteered to help clean the streets _______ order to attract more tourists.
  • I temporarily suspended him from school so ________ he could reflect on his actions.
  • This is a device _______ triggering explosions from a distance.
  • Please use shorter sentences with linking words ______ explain your ideas in a more straightforward way.
  • The goal ___________ undergoing the treatment myself was to understand the feelings on the patients.

B: Correct the mistakes

  • I’ve put it online for to reach a sufficient number of people to have an influence.
  • I also work as a private tutor in order to I can supplement my income.

 

  1. Choose one thing below and ask for explanations. The best reason wins.
  • You dropped out of school.
  • You asked your boss to relocate one of your colleagues to a different Spanish Comunidad.
  • You assured your boyfriend/ girlfriend that you were at home yesterday evening.
  • You automated marking of essays.
  • You bought twelve bottles of spirits.
  • You did not tell your father you had crashed his car into a tree.
  • You inserted a needle into a university computer’s USB port.
  • You intervened in a discussion between two professors.
  • You made a catalogue of everything in your house.
  • You left at regular intervals during a concert.
  • You made every student in the university assemble in front of the nearest station.
  • You released a pirate copy of your own forthcoming film.
  • You set a goal which you know is unattainable for your subordinates.
  • You shot at birds migrating over your house.
  • You wrote a paper with 20 appendices.
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | May 5, 2016

TOO POOR TO RETIRE, TOO YOUNG TO DIE – Cloze test

CLOZE TEST

TOO POOR TO RETIRE, TOO YOUNG TO DIE

 

0) __________ the wise age of 79, Dolores Westfall knows food shopping on an empty stomach is a ridiculous. On her way to the grocery store last May, she pulled into the Town & Country Family Restaurant 1) __________ that she could relieve her hunger.

After much consideration, she ordered the prime rib special and an iced tea — expensive at $21.36; however, the leftovers, wrapped carefully to go, would provide for 2) __________ two lunches.

Only after she had got out of the restaurant, 3) __________ she remember that a big insurance bill was coming due. How was she going to pay it? Was she going to get insolvent because of a plate of ribs?

Westfall is as stubborn 4) __________ she is high-spirited. But she finds herself these days in a precarious place: Her savings long gone, and having never done much long-5) __________ financial planning, Westfall left her home in California to live in an aging RV [1]she calls Big Foot, driving from one temporary job to the next.

“I want to live life as much as I can. Before I don’t have any.”

She endures 6) __________ is for many aging Americans an unforgiving economy. Nearly one-third of U.S. heads of households aged 55 and older have no pension or retirement savings and a below-average annual income.

A growing proportion of the nation’s elderly are 7) __________ Westfall: not 8) __________ are they too poor to retire, but they are also too young to die.

Many rely on Social Security and minimal pensions, in part because half of all workers have no employer-backed retirement plans. Eight 9) __________ 10 Americans say they will work well into their 60s or skip retirement entirely.

Westfall hadn’t planned to keep working. But in 2008, as the U.S. economy spasmed, she lost her home and tumbled out of the middle class.

Today, Westfall is one of America’s graying nomads. Although many middle-class retirees travel the interstates in motor homes as a lifestyle choice, for Westfall and many 10) __________, life on the move is not as much a choice as a necessity.

Adapted from © John M. Glionna, LA Times

 

 

[1] RV: A recreational vehicle (RV) is, in North America, the usual term for a motor vehicle or trailer equipped with living space and amenities found in a home.

THE WORLD IN 2050 – FUTURE STUDY PRESENTED BY FRANK APPEL

 

 

  1. In 2050 some of the factors that will be influencing DHL’s business are
  • technology,
  • _____________________,
  • Changing _____________________ circumstances.
  1. In 2050 _____________________ will be accelerating.
  2. The systematic exploitation of _____________________ will not be able to satisfy the appetite for growth.
  3. The alternatives to an impending disaster might be
  • a long _____________________ period for sustainable thinking and actions.
  • mega metropolises as centres of _____________________.
  1. The downside of global urbanization is the fact that _____________________ will have been left behind.
  2. Thanks to innovative and more efficient technologies, transport will be more _____________________.
  3. The world will enjoy _____________________ interaction and global cooperation.
  4. In 2050 our world will be much more _____________________, _____________________ and local.
  5. By 2050 uniform goods and _____________________ items will have disappeared from display windows.
  6. Awareness about the need for _____________________ will be growing.
  7. This will be a world characterized by _____________________.
  8. On the other hand, in 2050 our planet might also be facing some gloomy prospects:
  • _____________________ may dominate.
  • _____________________ may be a thing of the past,
  • _____________________ may have been re-imposed everywhere,
  • mutual _____________________ is likely to lead to high customs barriers.

 

KEY

 

  1. THE ENVIRONMENT / SOCIAL
  2. CLIMATE CHANGE
  3. NATURAL RESOURCES
  4. GREEN / PROGRESS
  5. RURAL AREAS
  6. SUSTAINABLE
  7. UNLIMITED
  8. COLOURFUL / DIVERSE
  9. MASS-PRODUCED
  10. RECYCLING
  11. DIVERSITY
  12. NATIONALISM / GLOBALIZATION / BORDERS / MISTRUST
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | May 4, 2016

EXPRESSING PURPOSE – Oraciones finales

EXPRESSING PURPOSE

 

  1. FOR can express:
  • the function of sth.
  • the reason why we do sth.
  • It can also have a passive meaning.
  1. The reason why he went to prison was that he mugged an elderly lady in the street.
  2. You hold cut flowers in a vase.
  3. These pictures are not to be sold.
  4. You write on a blackboard with a piece of chalk.
  5. John didn’t do his homework. He was punished.
  6. You sharpen pencils with a pencil sharpener.
  7. You need clothes pegs if you want to hang your washing out.

 

  1. TO / IN ORDER TO / SO AS TO express purpose and answer the questionwhy something is done.

IN ORDER TO and SO AS TO are more emphatic and formal and are more common before stative verbs like: be, have, know, appear, seem, understand, etc.

Before a negative infinitive, we usually use IN ORDER NOT TO, SO AS NOT TO, and NOT “NOT TO.

  1. I am going to Madrid because I want to visit my family.
  2. I am looking up this word because I want to understand its meaning.
  3. Jane does not work outside the home because she wants to be with her family.
  4. John phoned me because he wanted to invite me to dinner.
  5. I didn’t phone you yesterday evening because I didn’t want to disturb you.
  6. He is studying hard because he doesn’t want to fail his exams.
  7. He opened the window. He wanted to let  fresh air in.
  8. María is going to English classes because she wants to learn a foreign language.
  9. She always wakes up early because she never wants to be late for work.
  10. He tiptoed into the room because he didn’t want to wake up the baby.

 

 

  1. SO THAT also expresses purpose, but it is usually followed by a subject and a modal verb (will, can, may, would, could, etc.).

 

1. I gave them my keys because I wanted them to be able to get into the house.

2. He asked for a visa because he wanted to be able to stay in the US for three months.

3. John’s mother gave him 100€ because he would need them to pay for his school fees.

4. We are leaving early because we want to get to Madrid before the rush hour.

5. He entered the house very quietly because he didn’t want his parents to know how late it was.

6. She is studying very hard because she wants to be a doctor.

7. We stayed out all night because we wanted to see the meteor storm.

8. We’ll go to Madrid by car because we need to take a lot of luggage.

9. She was feeling very sad, so he gave her a present.

10. If you want to pass your exams you must study harder.

 

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | May 3, 2016

33 WAYS TO SPEAK BETTER ENGLISH

33 ways to speak better English – without taking classes

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | April 30, 2016

Glass half Full & half Empty

optimist

THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN OPTIMISTIC AND PESSIMISTIC PEOPLE

 

  1. Not only is being physically healthy essential, but being ________________ is also of great importance.
  2. In order to become truly optimistic, a person must learn to ________________ in many specific ways.
  3. A setback [1]is seen as ________________ by an optimist, whereas a pessimist sees it as ________________.
  4. An optimist sees a negative event as something that is ________________ in time and that will have no ________________ on the future.
  5. The pessimist blames negative impacts on ________________.
  6. Pessimists will think they are not
  • good enough,
  • popular,
  • successful
  1. Pessimists become depressed and obsessed by ________________.
  2. Optimists look at what may go wrong as ________________ events, which will have no other connection with their lives.
  3. Pessimists see ________________ as pervasive[2].
  4. Pessimists interpret events as ________________.
  5. An optimist thinks that unfortunate events are just setbacks over which they have ________________.
  6. If a pessimist is cut off in traffic, they will think the other drivers are ________________ acting to cut them off.
  7. Being fully mature means you have the ability to be ________________ and ________________ when caught up in the inevitable storms of normal life.
  8. A mature personality is capable of interpreting events more ________________ and less ________________.

[1] Setback: a stopping or delay in one’s progress; reverse or defeat. Revés.
[2] Pervasive: existing in every part of something : spreading to all parts of something.  Generalizado.

 

 

KEY

 

  1. MENTALLY HEALTHY / MENTALLY FIT
  2. CONTROL HIS OR HER (THEIR) THINKING
  3. TEMPORARY – PERMANENT
  4. LIMITED – IMPACT
  5. DESTINY / LIFE AND DESTINY
  6. COMPETENT – LIKEABLE
  7. SELF-PITY
  8. ISOLATED / UNFORTUNATE / DISCONNECTED
  9. DISAPPOINTMENTS
  10. PERSONAL
  11. LITTLE CONTROL
  12. DELIBERATELY
  13. OBJECTIVE – UNEMOTIONAL
  14. REALISTICALLY – EMOTIONALLY
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | April 28, 2016

Optimism – Cloze test

OPTIMISM

 

Optimism comes 0) __________ the Latin word optimus, meaning “best,” which describes 1) __________ an optimistic person is always looking for the best in any situation and expecting good things to happen. Optimism is the tendency to believe, expect or hope that things will turn 2) __________ well. Even if something bad happens, like the loss of a job, an optimist sees the 3) __________ lining. For me, getting fired was the catalyst that allowed me to start my 4) __________ business. As I packed up my office, my mind was already whirling with the possibilities ahead. Without that push, I may never have made the leap to self-employment. Losing my job was a good thing 5) __________  all.
The emerging field of positive psychology studies the positive impact that optimism has 6) __________ mental health. 7) __________ research shows that optimism may be good for my physical health too—optimists are sick less and live 8) __________ than pessimists. Apparently, a positive outlook on life strengthens the immune system (and the body’s defenses against illness), cardiovascular system (optimists have fewer heart attacks), and the body’s ability to handle stress.

 

Being an optimist or a pessimist indicates the way you talk to yourself. Optimists believe that their own actions result in positive things happening, that they are responsible 9) __________ their own happiness, and that they can expect more good things to happen in the future. Optimists don’t blame themselves when bad things happen. They view bad events as results of something outside of themselves. I didn’t blame myself for losing my job, but saw it as a business decision that had nothing to 10) __________ with me personally.

Pessimists think the opposite way, 11) __________. It is for the bad things that happen in their lives 12) __________ they blame themselves and then they think that one mistake means that more will inevitably come. Pessimists see positive events as things that happen 13) __________ chance, that are outside of their control — something lucky that 14) __________ won’t happen again.

 

Adapted from: http://www.sparkpeople.com/resource/wellness_articles.asp?id=835

0. FROM

KEY

 

  1. HOW
  2. OUT
  3. SILVER
  4. OWN
  5. AFTER
  6. ON
  7. SOME
  8. LONGER / MORE
  9. FOR
  10. DO
  11. THOUGH
  12. THAT
  13. BY
  14. DEFINITELY / PROBABLY

PLANET EARTH 100 MILLION YEARS IN THE FUTURE – WHAT WILL HAPPEN TO OUR WORLD?

 

  1. If intergalactic explorers came back to the Earth hundreds of millions of years from now, they would find
  • a giant landmass with huge mountains ________________,
  • massive _______________ snowfields,
  • ________________.
  1. The remnants of once thriving metropolis would lay buried under ________________.
  1. The ________________ of continents shapes and reshapes our planet.
  1. It is easy to see the distinctive _________________ of land that makes up the continents from space.
  1. The world as we now see it will have been destroyed by
  • ________________-force winds,
  • extremes of temperatures,
  • giant freezes,
  • _________________,
  1. The geological future of New York will be rather ________________.
  1. The world as we know it will be _________________.
  1. This remodelling is part of a(n) ________________ that has been shaping the Earth for the last four billion years.
  1. This process will continue until the sun finally ________________ the surface of the earth.
  1. Nowadays, our continents seem ________________ and ________________; however, these landmasses are constantly ______________.

 

KEY

 

 

  1. RANGES – FROZEN – GLACIERS
  2. TONS (TONNES) OF ROCK
  3. COLLISION
  4. PATTERN
  5. STORM – HEATWAVES – DROUGHTS
  6. TRAUMATIC / Dramatic ?
  7. UNRECOGNIZABLE
  8. NATURAL CYCLE
  9. DESTROYS
  10. SOLID – SAFE – ON THE MOVE
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | April 26, 2016

NEW WORDS AND PHRASES OF 2015

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