Posted by: crisdiaz24 | February 27, 2017

Staying in Touch Without a Mobile Device – Cloze test


Fill in the gaps with ONE suitable word from the list below. There are four extra words you do not need to use.

Staying in Touch Without a Mobile Device

If you prefer to travel without a mobile 0) __________, you can stay in touch using public telephones and computers.


Landline Telephones


You can make phone calls from your hotel, public phones, and call shops.

Phones in your hotel room can be great for local calls and for calls using cheap international phone cards. 1) __________, they can be an almost criminal rip-off. Most hotels charge a fee for placing local calls as well as long-distance and international calls — always ask for the 2) __________ before you dial. Since you’ll never be charged for receiving calls, it’s better to have someone from the US call you in your room, 3) __________ than the other way around. Note that smaller, B&B-type accommodations often don’t have a landline in each room.

While public pay phones are on the endangered-species list, you’ll still see phone 4) __________ and banks of phones in post offices and train stations. Pay phones generally come with multilingual instructions. Most public phones in Europe work with insertable phone cards. While some card phones also accept coins, most don’t.

You’ll see many cheap call shops that advertise 5) __________ rates to faraway lands, often in train station neighborhoods. While these target immigrants who want to call home cheaply, tourists can use them, too. You’ll be assigned to your own private sweatbox, make the call, and pay the bill when you’re done. Before making your call, be clear on the price. For example, the listed price may be per unit, rather than per minute — if there are 10 “units” in a minute, your call costs 10 times what you expected.


Phone Cards


Europe uses two types of telephone cards. You can find them at many post offices, newsstands, street kiosks, tobacco shops, and train stations.


Insertable Phone Cards


These cards, which can only be used at pay phones, are 6) __________ in most countries (but not Britain). To use them, simply take the phone off the 7) __________, insert the card, wait for a dial tone, and dial away. The phone displays your credit ticking down as you talk. Each European country has its own phone card — so your German card won’t work in an Austrian phone.


International Phone “Cards”


These cards let you make inexpensive calls — within Europe, or to the US, for pennies a minute — from nearly any phone, including the one in your hotel room. You’ll either get a pre-8) __________ card with a toll-free number and a scratch-to-reveal PIN code, or just a code printed on a receipt.


Internet Cafés and Public Computers


In Europe, finding a place to get online without a mobile device isn’t difficult. A number of hotels have a computer in the 9) __________ for guests to use. Otherwise, 10) __________ for an Internet café, where you can pay to use a public computer. Even towns without an Internet café usually offer some way to get online — at libraries, bookstores, post offices, tourist offices, and so on.

Often a simple keystroke or click of the mouse can make the foreign keyboard work like an American one. Many computers have a box in the lower right-hand corner of the screen where you can click and select which type of keyboard you prefer. If not, ask the clerk for help.


AVAILABLE           BOX                      GO                       PAID

DEVICE                HEAD                   INSTEAD              RATES

DISPOSABLE        HIGH                    LOBBY                 RATHER

BOOTHS              HOOK                   LOW                    OTHERWISE


0. DEVICE   6.
1.   7.
2.   8.
3.   9.
4.   10.



Posted by: crisdiaz24 | February 21, 2017

Predictions of life in 100 years time – Word formation



In 2012  BBC readers were asked about their predictions of life in 100 years time. Many of them wrote in with their  vision of the world in 2112.

Here is what futurologists Ian Pearson (IP) and Patrick Tucker (PT) thought of two of their ideas.


Oceans will be 0)  ________________ (EXTENT) farmed and not just for fish.

IP: Likelihood 10/10.

We will need to feed 10 billion people and nature can’t keep up with demand, so we will need much more ocean farming for fish. But algae farming is also on the way for 1) _______________ (RENEW) energy, and maybe even for 2) _______________ (GROW)  of feedstock (raw materials) or resource extraction via GM seaweed or algae.

PT: Good chance.

According to Dennis Bushnell, chief 3) _______________ (SCIENCE) at the NASA Langley Research Center, saltwater algae that’s been 4) _______________ (GENE)  modified to absorb more nitrogen from the air than conventional algae could free up to 68% of the freshwater that is now tied up in conventional agriculture. This water could go to 5) _______________ (THIRST)  populations.


Antarctica will be “open for business”

IP: Likelihood 8/10.

The area seems worth keeping as a natural 6) _______________ (WILD)  so I am hesitant here, but I do expect that pressure will eventually mean that some large areas will be used 7) _______________ (COMMERCE)  for resources. It should be possible to do so without damaging nature there if the technology is good enough, and this will probably be a condition of 8) _______________ (EXPLORE)  rights.

PT: Pretty close.

Before there is a rush to develop Antarctica we will most likely see a full-scale rush to develop the Arctic. Whether the Arctic states tighten control over the region’s resources, or find equitable and 9) _______________ (SUSTAIN) ways to share them will be a major political challenge in the decades ahead. 10) _______________ (SUCCESS)  development of the Arctic portends well for the development of Antarctica.


Adapted from:

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | February 21, 2017

Social media: vocabulary, Speaking and Listening activities




chat – communicating in real-time through computers or smart phones, by writing messages back-and-forth, this is communication involving two or more people

chat room or chatroom – an  area within a website where ‘chats’ happen

emoticon / smiley / emoji – a pictorial representation of a facial expression, which is used in writing to help the reader of a message know the writer’s emotions, for example:

messaging/instant messaging/IM –  this is like chatting, but is on-line communication, generally only between two people and sometimes this is not done in real-time.

URL – this stands for Unique Resource Locator; it is the technical term for a web address like

viral/to go viral – anything that is shared in social networks (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, etc.) and gets passed along to many people very rapidly it viral, to go viral is verb to talk about this happening, for example: This This blog post has gone viral!

wiki – a web page, or group of pages, that can be edited or changed by a group of people, a web page with many contributors who are not paid for their contributions.

blog – a personal or professional website which is updated on a regular basis with an individual’s or company’s thoughts/ideas/opinions and/or educational information.

blogosphere –  the entire world of blogs on-line and the conversations or information sharing taking place within the blogs

comments –  most blogs allow readers to add their own thoughts or opinions, by leaving comments; this is a way of giving feedback to the writer of the blog.

subscribe  – this is like becoming a fan or a member of a blog; subscribing allows a person to be notified when new blog posts are written, it is the on-line equivalent of signing up for a magazine.

meme – this is the name of a pictures that also has writing or a message on the picture; these are often shared on Facebook (often abbreviated FB or Fb); this term also means any idea, style or action which spreads through mimicry.

like’ – this is exactly what it says, if you ‘like’ something on Facebook, by clicking the ‘like’ button, it means you like it; you can ‘unlike’ something you have previously liked, but you cannot ‘dislike’ on Facebook

news feed – on Facebook this is the center column of a person’s home page; it is constantly updating with new stories and information, pictures, and events from friends.

tag – this is the action of attaching a person’s name to a picture of them on Facebook; for example, someone might say to you “tag me in that photo on Facebook”, by this they mean ‘add my name to that picture so other people can see this picture of me on Facebook’.

hashtag – a word or group of words that starts with  number sign (#) and is used to group together similar ideas and topics; for example #firstworldproblems.

trending – a word, phrase or topic that is popular on Twitter at any given moment.

tweet – a message sent on Twitter.



  1. Discuss the following questions with a partner.
  2. How important are these things in your interaction with other people:
  • your phone,
  • social-networking sites,
  • other forms of communication?
  1. In what ways do you use them?
  2. have these things improved your social life? Why / Why not?
  3. Are you an active social networks user?
  4. How many social media accounts do you have?
  5. Which social network is your favourite?
  6. How often do you check your social media accounts?
  7. Are you a social media addict? Take the following quiz. Check your score with your teacher. never (0pts) occasionally (5pts) often (10pts) always (20pts)
  8. I check Facebook on my phone first thing in the morning when I wake up.
  9. I take a picture of my meal and post it instantly on social media.
  10. I ask my friends to check my photos on social media.
  11. I check my social media accounts several times a day.
  12. I take a break and stay away from social media.
  13. When I hear something I like, I remember to post it as my status on Facebook.
  14. I know the number of my friends and followers on social media.
  15. I feel disappointed when my posts do not get many likes on Facebook.
  16. I spend a long time on social media looking at what my friends have been up to in their lives.
  17. I feel happy when I get lots of friend requests on Facebook.





You are going to listen to a two-part recording. Discuss these questions with your partner. Then, listen to part 1 of the recording and answer the questions.

  1. How many social media sites are there on the internet?
  2. Do all social media sites have the same status among internet users? Explain.
  3. What do statistics tell us about social media sites?
  4. How many minutes does an average user spend on social media per day?
  5. Which age group has an average of three social media accounts?
  6. What is the average number of social media accounts per user between the ages of 25 and 34 in the UK?


Listen to part 2 of the recording. Then, complete the following sentences.


  1. There were an estimated ____________________________ users of social media in the world in 2015.
  2. In 2018, the number of social media users is expected to reach ____________________________ worldwide.
  3. Facebook has ____________________________ active users.
  4. WhatsApp has ____________________________ users, ahead of the Facebook messenger app, which has 700 million users.
  5. Twitter is ____________________________ on the list and LinkedIn is last.
  6. In eighth place, we find Skype, Google+ and ____________________________, with 300 million users each.
  7. In the second quarter of 2015, the number of mobile-only active users of Facebook reached ____________________________, which is double of what it was the year before.
  8. This means that 62% of social networks users and ____________________________ of Facebook users accessed the site on their mobiles.
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | February 21, 2017





BE +                  LIKELY / UNLIKELY                                     + TO       + INFINITIVE





LIKELY is used when the speaker thinks that something will probably happen. UNLIKELY when the speaker thinks that something probably won’t happen.

BOUND, SURE and CERTAIN are used when the speaker thinks that something will certainly happen.


  • This film is bound to get internationally famous.
  • This song is likely to be a number one hit.
  • John is likely to get the job.
  • Mary’s firm is certain to win the contract.



Use the expressions above to answer the following questions:

  1. What are you likely to do at this time tomorrow?
  2. What are you bound to do at Easter?
  3. What are you likely to have for dinner tonight?
  4. How do you think transportation / teaching / reading / travelling will change in the next twenty years?
  5. In what ways do you think you will change in the next twenty years?
  6. Do you think it is likely to rain tomorrow?
  7. Are you certain to pass the exam in June?
  8. Who is likely to pay you a visit in the summer?
  9. Are you going abroad on holiday this year?
  10. Read this list of possible twenty-first century achievements. How possible do you think the following things are? Do you think they are likely or unlikely? Which of them frightens or excites you the most? Explain why.
  • humans landing on Mars in the next ten years?
  • a world free of pollution?
  • Increase of the human lifespan to 120 years.
  • Control of the weather.
  • Colonisation of the moon.
  • World government.
  • Computers and robots to perform most household, office and factory tasks.
  • The prevention and cure of many illnesses, for example, cancer.
  • World peace.
  • Protection of the environment.
  • Other forms of energy to replace electricity.



Posted by: crisdiaz24 | February 21, 2017




Rewrite the following sentences so that they contain the verbs in brackets.



You didn’t find the keys. (suppose)

I don’t suppose you found the keys.

  1. You wouldn’t walk on the cliffs in rough weather, would you? (Think)
  2. You don’t get out late at night, do you? (suppose)
  3. We will never be rich. (think)
  4. He isn’t serious, is he? (think)
  5. You wouldn’t take me to the airport, would you? (suppose)
  6. You don’t know her phone number, do you? (suppose)
  7. She didn’t know the answer. (believe)
  8. He didn’t have to work till late that evening. (believe)
  9. That wasn’t too confusing, was it? (think)
  10. We aren’t done, are we? (Believe)
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | February 17, 2017




In English we usually say I don’t think + affirmative verb rather than I think + negative verb. Other verbs like this are believe, suppose, and expect.

  • I don’t think I know you.
  • I don’t expect we’ll meet again.

We can also use the verbs seem, expect, and want in the negative followed by an infinitive.

  • She doesn’t seem to be very happy.
  • I don’t expect to get the job.


Rewrite the following sentences, using the verb in brackets.



You haven’t met my wife. (Think)

I don’t think you have met my wife.


  1. You haven’t got change for a fiver. (suppose)
  2. This machine isn’t working. (seem)
  3. It wasn’t going to rain. (think)
  4. Their daughter won’t marry a footballer. (want)
  5. I wasn’t going to see you at the party. (expect)
  6. You haven’t met Robert recently. (suppose)
  7. I wouldn’t like snails. (think)
  8. You don’t remember me. (expect)
  9. She doesn’t like her job. (seem)
  10. She didn’t get grade A in all her exams. (Believe)

Taken from: New Headway Upper-Intermediate (Workbook), ©Liz and John Soars, Oxford University Press




  1. I don’t suppose you have change for a fiver.
  2. This machine doesn’t seem to be working.
  3. I didn’t think it was going to rain.
  4. Their daughter doesn’t want to marry a footballer.
  5. I didn’t expect to see you at the party.
  6. I don’t suppose you have met Robert recently.
  7. I didn’t think I would like snails.
  8. I didn’t expect you would remember me.
  9. She doesn’t seem to like her job.
  10. I don’t believe she got grade A in all her exams.



Posted by: crisdiaz24 | February 15, 2017


Write an email to a friend of yours who is living in Britain at the moment.

You are in Avanzado 2 and would like to go to England next summer. Ask him or her if he / she can help you to decide where you could stay, what English courses you could take, etc.


  • A sentence containing the verb suggest;
  • One sentence beginning with I don’t think / I don’t suppose, etc.
  • One future perfect tense.
  • A passive sentence beginning with: …. are said to be / … are thought to be / etc.
  • Although
  • On the one hand, … / On the other hand,…

Mention one social networking site.





Posted by: crisdiaz24 | February 14, 2017



  1. What are you doing next weekend / for Lent / at Easter / in June / next summer? Have you made any arrangements yet?
  2. What do you think you will do when this speaking activity is over?
  3. What do you think the weather will be like tomorrow?
  4. What are you planning to do when you pass the B2 exam?




Do you think…


  1. you will be happier in 10 years’ time than you are now?
  2. you will be much richer in 10 years’ time than your parents were at the same age?
  3. that in ten or twenty years’ time your best friends will still be the same ones as they are now?
  4. that your children will have a better future than you?
  5. you will be able to retire at 65?


Ask your partner(s) whether they…


  1. will be doing a lot of driving this weekend.
  2. will probably be sitting on a bus or train in a couple of hour’s time.
  3. won’t be eating at home tonight.
  4. will probably have moved house by this time next year.
  5. won’t be coming to the next lesson.
  6. will have taken some important exams by the end of the year.
  7. will be celebrating their birthday at home this / next year.
  8. think they will have achieved all their life goals by 2027.
  9. don’t think their political or religious ideas will have changed ten years from now.
  10. will definitely still be studying English this time next year.
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | February 13, 2017





  • FACTS: I will be 20 next month. / I will have a baby in March.
  • PREDICTIONS BASED ON OPINION / GUESSWORK: I think it will rain next weekend. It always rains at weekends.
  • WIll / SHALL: SPONTANEOUS DECISION / OFFER: “It’s so cold in here.” “I’ll close the window for you:” “Shall I open the window?”


  • TIMETABLES → the plane to London leaves at 10.20pm.

PRESENT CONTINUOUS →usu. used with a complement of time.

  • ARRANGEMENTS: We are seeing a musical at the theatre next week. (We have the tickets)


  • ARRANGEMENTS: We have the intention of doing sth in the future. → “We are going to the theatre some time next week. We don’t really know what day.”
  • PREDICTIONS BASED ON EVIDENCE: if there is evidence in the present to justify that prediction:→”Look at those black clouds. I’s going to rain.”


You will find more examples if you click on the following link:







Posted by: crisdiaz24 | February 10, 2017



Online social media have 0) __________ astounding worldwide growth and popularity which has led to attracting attention from variety of researchers globally. 1) __________ with time all generations have come to embrace the changes social networks have brought about, teenagers and young adults are the most fanatic users of these sites. According to various research studies in the field of online social networks, it has 2) __________ revealed that these sites are greatly impacting young people’s lives. Using sites such as Twitter, Facebook or MySpace has both positive and negative effects on young adults.

It is inevitable to ignore the fact that nowadays social networks 3) __________ an essential role in teenagers’ lives. Most of them are spending at 4) ____________________ onehour on these popular social media sites. Generally, 1 5) __________ 7 minutes which are spent online by most of those who can access the Internet is spent on Facebook according to Shea Bennett. One may ask how spending all that time on social media sites may have a positive impact on them. Well, social media helps young people and any 6) __________ user to be updated with what is happening around the world. It helps teenagers to stay connected and interact with each other even if they are many miles apart. This 7) __________ their relationship even if they finished school and moved to different locations: they stay connected and update one another.

In addition, social media sites have provided a platform where young adults can create groups and pages based on their common discipline. This way they end up building connections and opportunities for their respective 8) __________ by updating various topics to discuss. The people who have been interviewed say that social media have turned into their lifestyle and have made their lives easier and more efficient.

While, on one 9) __________, social network sites seem to bring people together and stay connected,  on the other, they create social isolation as BBC News reports. As young people tend to spend many hours 10) __________ these sites, they rarely have face-to-face interaction. According to various studies, scientists have determined that social isolation can lead to a host of emotional, psychological, physical and mental problems which include anxiety, depression and somatic complaints 11) __________ many others.

Some people have suggested that some negative effects of social networking include encouraging poor spelling and grammar, exposing the underage to online predators, allowing spread of misinformation perceived as fact. These negative effects also decrease productivity, as those who are supposed to be working spend their time chatting, and increase risks of identity theft and cyber bullying, when people give too much personal information online.

Social networking clearly portrays both positive and negative effects on young people. It is up to each and everyone of us to decide 12. __________ to continue using these sites or not.

Adapted from:

ALTHOUGH                 CAREERS                      IN                                  PLAY

AMONG                       DESPITE                        LEAST                           PART

ANOTHER                    DOING                          ON                                SIDE

BEING                           GAINED                        OUT                              STRENGTHENS

BEEN                             HAND                           OTHER                          WEAKENS

BETWEEN                     IF                                   OTHERS                        WHETHER







  2. BEEN
  3. PLAY
  4. LEAST
  5. IN
  6. OTHER
  9. HAND
  10. ON
  11. AMONG

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