Posted by: crisdiaz24 | April 4, 2017




Read the text and complete the chart below with a word from the list that comes after the text. Every word can only be used ONCE. There are NINE words that you do not need to use. Question 0 has been answered as an example.




   The wedding cake has always been replete 0) __________ symbolism. It is from Roman times 1) __________ the tradition of breaking the cake over the bride’s head dates back to. Customs evolve with the times, and today the ceremonial cutting of the wedding cake has 2) __________ one of the classic elements of the wedding reception. In addition to providing a great photo opportunity, it is symbolic 3) __________ the first task the newlyweds execute together. In truth, the practice of the bride and groom cutting the cake together was 4) __________ of pure necessity. As cakes went from simple pastries to elaborate, multi-tiered extravaganzas, it became virtually impossible for the bride to cut the cake alone. She needed her new husband’s muscle to help cut through the stiff layers of frosting. While today’s wedding cakes have become 5) __________ easier to maneuver, the bride and groom still cut the cake together simply for the love of tradition.

Because the cutting ceremony places so much focus 6) __________ the wedding cake, many brides are opting for antique or classic bride and groom cake tops, as well as Victorian cake charms for luck and good fortune. The charms have made a 7) __________ in the most romantic modern weddings. Topping the cake with fresh flowers  or a special religious symbol are all wonderful alternatives to those 8) __________ bride and groom figures. However, there is no limit when it 9) __________ to cake decor. When it is time to cut the cake, elegant silver plated cake knives and servers make the ritual even more enjoyable and stylish.

It probably hasn’t occurred to you that there would be 10) __________ challenge in cutting a cake — after all, it’s something you’ve done many times before, at birthday parties, or entertaining. Still, check with your cake baker or caterer to see if there are any special slicing instructions for the first cut.

Adapted from:


ANY                              COMEBACK                 LITTLE                           SOME

AS                                 COMES                         MORE                           THAT

BECOME                      FEW                              MUCH                          TURNED

BORN                           IN                                  NO                                WITH

BREAKTHROUGH        LIKE                               ON                                WHEN







  1. THAT
  3. AS
  4. BORN
  5. MUCH
  6. ON
  9. COMES
  10. ANY


Posted by: crisdiaz24 | April 4, 2017



  1. George Orwell said: “He who controls the past, controls the future; and he who controls the present, controls the past.” What do you think he meant? Was he right?
  2. What is the study of History good for?
  3. Were you / Are you good at History at school?
  4. Do you think History should be taught in a different way?
  5. Is History important to you?
  6. What do you think of the history of Spain in the last 80 years?
  7. What do you think of the overall History of Spain?
  8. What do you know about your family history?
  9. Sir Winston Churchill said: “Those that fail to learn from history, are doomed to repeat it.” Do you agree with him?
  10. How would the world change if schools stopped teaching history to children and all history books were destroyed?
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | April 1, 2017


Fill in the gaps with words that match the definitions 1-21 below.



  1. ________________ you dressed so fine

Threw the bums a dime in your prime, didn’t you?
People call say ‘beware doll, you’re 2)

________________ to fall’
You thought they were all 3) ________________ you
You used to laugh about
Everybody that was hanging out
Now you don’t talk so loud
Now you don’t seem so 4) ________________
About having to be scrounging your next meal

How does it feel, how does it feel?
To be without a home
Like a complete 5) ________________, like a rolling stone

Ahh you’ve gone to the 6) ________________ schools, alright Miss Lonely
But you know you only used to get juiced in it
Nobody’s ever taught you how to live out 7) ________________

And now you’re gonna have to get used to it
You say you never compromise
With the mystery 8) ________________, but now you realize
He’s not selling any alibis
As you 9) ________________ into the vacuum of his eyes
And say do you want to make a deal?

How does it feel, how does it feel?
To be 10) ________________, with no direction home
A complete 11) ________________, like a rolling stone

Ah you never turned around to see the 12) ________________
On the jugglers and the clowns when they all did tricks for you
You never understood that it ain’t no good
You shouldn’t let other people get your 13) ________________ for you
You used to ride on a chrome horse with your diplomat
Who carried on his 14) ________________ a Siamese cat
Ain’t it hard when you discovered that
He really wasn’t where it’s at
After he took from you everything he could steal

How does it feel, how does it feel?
To have you 15) ________________, with no direction home
Like a complete 16) ________________, like a rolling stone

Ahh princess on a steeple and all the pretty people
They’re all drinking, thinking that they’ve got it made
Exchanging all precious 17) ________________
But you better take your diamond ring, you better pawn it babe
You used to be so amused
At Napoleon in rags and the language that he used
Go to him now, he calls you, you can’t 18) __________
When you got nothing, you got nothing to lose
You’re invisible now, you’ve got no secrets to 19) ________________

How does it feel, ah how does it feel?
To be 20) ________________, with no direction home
Like a complete 21) ________________, like a rolling stone


  1. The way many fairy tales start.
  2. Certain / sure
  3. Teasing / talking to or joking about.
  4. Arrogant / haughty
  5. Unfamiliar / not famous
  6. The best
  7. Without a home
  8. A vagabond
  9. To gaze or look at deeply, intently, etc., esp. with the eyes wide open.
  10. Alone / by yourself
  11. Unfamiliar / not famous
  12. any expression or show of disapproval: you contract the eyebrows in displeasure.
  13. Excitement / pleasure
  14. The part on either side of the body where the arm joins the rest of the body, from the base of the neck to the upper arm.
  15. Alone / by yourself
  16. Without a homE
  17. Presents
  18. To decline to accept.
  19. To hide
  20. Alone / by yourself
  21. Unfamiliar / not famous
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 28, 2017

Isambard Kingdom Brunel – cloze test



Fill in the gaps with ONE suitable word from the list below. There are FIVE extra words you do not need to use.


Isambard Kingdom Brunel (9 April 1806 –15 September 1859), was an English mechanical and civil engineer who is considered “one of the most ingenious and prolific figures in engineering history”. Brunel built dockyards, the Great Western Railway, a series of steamships including the first propeller-driven transatlantic steamship and 0) __________ important bridges and tunnels. His designs revolutionised public transport and modern engineering.

Though Brunel’s projects were not always successful, they often contained innovative solutions to 1) __________ engineering problems. During his career, Brunel achieved many engineering “firsts”, including assisting in the building of the first tunnel under a navigable river and the development of SS Great Britain, the first propeller-driven ocean-going iron ship, which was also at the 2) __________ (1843) the largest ship ever built.

Brunel 3) __________ the standard for a well-built railway, using careful surveys to minimise grades and curves. This necessitated expensive construction techniques and new bridges and viaducts, and the two-mile-long Box Tunnel. One controversial 4) __________ was the wide gauge[1], a “broad gauge” of 7 ft 14 in (2,140 mm), instead of what was later to be known as ‘standard gauge’ of 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm).

Brunel astonished Britain by proposing to extend the Great Western Railway westward to North America by building steam-powered iron-hulled ships. He designed and built three ships that revolutionised naval engineering.

In 2002, Brunel was placed second in a BBC public 5) __________ to determine the “100 Greatest Britons”. In 2006, the bicentenary of his birth, a major programme of events celebrated his life and work under the name Brunel 200.

In 1830, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.

On 5 July 1836, Brunel married Mary Elizabeth Horsley (b. 1813), who came from an accomplished musical and artistic family, being the eldest daughter of composer and organist William Horsley. They established a home at Duke Street, Westminster, in London.

In 1843, while performing a conjuring trick for the amusement of his children, Brunel accidentally inhaled a half-sovereign coin, which became lodged in his windpipe. A special pair of forceps failed to remove it, as did a machine devised by Brunel to shake it loose. At the suggestion of his father, Brunel was strapped to a board and turned 6) __________, and the coin was set free. It was when he recuperated at Teignmouth 7) __________ he decided to purchase an estate at Watcombe in Torquay, Devon. Here he commissioned William Burn to design Brunel Manor and its gardens to be his country home. He never saw the house or gardens finished, 8) __________ he died before it was completed.

Brunel, a heavy smoker, suffered a stroke in 1859, just before the Great Eastern made her first 9) __________ to New York. He died ten days later at the age of 53 and was buried, like his father, in Kensal Green Cemetery in London. The grave is 10) __________ by the standards of the cemetery and easily missed. It lies south of the main central path, midway between the entrance and the central chapel, around 20m from the path and screened by trees.

AS                               LONG-STANDING      SET                              TRIP

FEATURE              LONG-TERM                 SIGNIFICANT        UPSIDE-DOWN

INSIDE-OUT        NUMEROUS                 TIME                            VOYAGE

INSIGNIFICANT   POLL                             THAT                            WHEN

1 8
2 9
3 10

[1] Gauge: /ɡeɪdʒ/: the distance between the rails in a railroad track.





  2. TIME
  3. SET
  5. POLL
  7. THAT
  8. AS

first-class travel



Fill in the gaps with ONE suitable word from the list below. There are SEVEN extra words you do not need to use.



I’m not going to make you wait until the end of my column to tell you that it is
0) __________!

As a travel writer, I don’t fly first class, or even business for that 1) __________. I pay for my fares anywhere. I pay for hotels, food, anything a tourist would pay for.

I was flying from Miami to Paris on American Airlines last week, with a planned 2) __________ in Charlotte (NC). I was waiting at the departure lounge in Charlotte when a call came from the door agent asking for volunteers to fly the next day instead, as the flight was overbooked, as it often is, and the airline was 3) __________ of seven seats.

I felt my feet moving in the direction of the counter, almost as if they had a life of their 4) __________. The promise of a voucher for $725 to exchange for a future flight, an upgrade to first class for the same flight the next day, a night in a hotel airport with vouchers 5) __________ for drinks (they want to make you forget), food, snacks, a shuttle to take you there. It all felt like a happy hour offer.

There was very little hesitation (ok, none) on my part to take the deal – after all, what would a day late in Paris do to me? Absolutely nothing! I just had to tell friends and family that I did not 6) __________ it into that flight, and they would have to wait one more day for my presence to be … present. Big deal, 7) __________ anyone knows where I am on any given day anyway.

Lucky me, I only had a carry-on spinner suitcase, one of those that fit in the 8) __________ bin. That was one of the conditions to get the offer: no checked-in luggage. I understand that, it’s a pain for the airlines to have to deal with 9) __________ pieces arriving before or after you.

After one of my bags once went to India and Canada, when it was only 10) __________ to go from New York to London, I never again checked in any suitcase. I always travel light; I have clothes in several countries, really.

Back at the airport (again with the usual free shuttle) on time for the 6 p.m. flight, I aimed straight to the kiosk where a boarding pass gets processed. With my first class paper in hand, I proudly walked through the FIRST CLASS security line – no waiting. I felt like a princess from a foreign land!

Whoa! A good start. At the airport, American Airlines has a very 11) __________ lounge for its upper class passengers. Food, drinks, food, drinks, repeat. Why do they feed the lucky ones so much, those are the ones who can afford food, right? Anyway, the armchairs were ultra comfy, the ambiance was velvety, nothing to 12) __________ with a normal airport departure space. The coffee excellent. This proves that when money is not an issue, even airports can have good coffee.

ABOVE                 DO                      MATTER          SHORT


AWESOME           GALORE           OWN                STRANDED

BARELY                LACKING         PLUSH              SUPPOSED

BARREN                MAKE               SCALES             WRECKED






  3. SHORT
  4. OWN
  6. MAKE
  11. PLUSH
  12. DO
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 23, 2017

FIRST – Speaking Activity



  1. Should we judge people by first impressions?
  2. What criteria do we base our first impressions on?
  3. Are we always right? Do you remember any instances when your first impressions were wrong?
  4. Have you ever travelled first-class? What does travelling first-class include?
  5. What will you have to do first thing tomorrow morning?
  6. What is the first thing you do when you get home from work or school?
  7. What should a first-aid kit contain?
  8. Have you ever administered first aid? What kind of people should be trained in first aid? Would you like to be able to give first aid? What kind of things would you like to learn?
  9. Do you know anyone whose Spanish is not their first language? How well do they speak Spanish?
  10. What is the first language of most Australians / Basques / Catalonians / Irish people?
  11. Have you ever fallen in love at first sight? Can you fall in love at first sight with a work of art / a landscape / a city / an animal, etc.?
  12. Imagine you could travel anywhere in the world. What country would be your first choice?
  13. What subject did you have to choose to study at school or university? What was your first choice?
  14. If you were told to learn one the following languages – Italian, Greek, Dutch, Arabic -, what would be your first choice and why?
  15. You have a blinding headache. What is your first-choice medicine
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 21, 2017


Tell a friend of yours what he / she should do if they happen come to Santander. Use CLEFT SENTENCES.


If you come to Santander, you should walk on our lovely white sand beaches. At lunchtime you should eat in one of the taverns in the city centre, then go to the Peninsula de la Magdalena and enjoy the lovely views. The scenery is magnificent from there. You can also take the ferry to Somo and walk through the eucalyptus woods. The view of the city from there is very nice. After having a nice dinner in one of the bodegas near the Paseo Pereda you should go to Cañadío and experience the night atmosphere there.




Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 21, 2017




Emphasize the underlined information using a cleft sentence beginning with WHAT or THE THING (THAT)


  1. John gave a bunch of flowers to his mother.
  2. John gave a bunch of flowers to his mother.
  3. John gave a bunch of flowers to his mother.
  4. I am writing an application letter.
  5. I am writing an application letter.
  6. I am writing an application letter.
  7. You warned us about the bad weather.
  8. You didn’t warn us about the terrible roads.
  9. You can’t miss the Art Gallery.
  10. You really mustn’t miss the medieval castle.
  11. They want a better life.
  12. Visitors to Ireland always comment on the beauty of the landscape.
  13. But they are particularly impressed by the people.
  14. No one looks forward to the long, cold winters.
  15. John and Mary enjoy going away to the countryside.
  16. I’d really like a ring for my birthday.
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 21, 2017

THOMAS ALVA EDISON – Video Listening



  1. It was to Harper Magazine that Edison told that genius was 1% inspiration and 99% ________________.
  2. It is in ________________ that Edison was born.
  3. It was after saving a child from the path of a(n) _________________ that he started training as a telegraph operator.
  4. It was then that he developed a ________________ interest in electric communications.
  5. It was by ________________ that he started to be America’s leading inventor.
  6. It was in 1879 that he invented a carbon filament for the incandescent ________________.
  7. It was a ________________ coil [1]covering graphite that he used to create the filament.
  8. What his competitors were using was ________________ and other metals.
  9. Edison was a genius who foresaw the potential ________________ uses of his inventions.
  10. Edison suggested using the phonograph for ________________ writing and dictating as well as for the preservation of ________________.


[1] COIL: a series of spirals or rings into which something is wound. Rollo, bobina





  2. OHIO / 1847
  5. THE EARLY 1870S
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 19, 2017

IT IS /IT WAS Cleft sentences


  1. Mike took Sally to the party on Saturday.


  1. Mike took Sally to the party on Saturday.


  1. Mike took Sally to the party on Saturday.


  1. Mike took Sally to the party on Saturday.


  1. I got the test results in January.


  1. I’m not looking forward to physics, but I’m most worried about the statistics exam.


  1. She’s been seeing a doctor at Newtown Hospital, but she’s having the operation at Queen Mary’s Hospital.


  1. “That dress looks expensive.”

“No, the shoes were expensive.”


  1. Did Darren help you with the decorating?”

“No, he did the wallpapering, nothing else.


  1. “Jerry says Liz is going to quit her job at the bank.”

“I find that really hard to believe.”


  1. Didn’t you own a Volkswagen Golf once?”

“No, my brother owned one.”


  1. “You’re all leaving on Saturday, aren’t you?”

“No, we’re going on Thursday.”


  1. “I remember your uncle taking us to the fair.”

“No, my father took us to the fair.”


  1. All of the Redgrave family are gifted actors, but Vanessa has made the greatest impact.


  1. We’ll find the best bargains in Green Street market.


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