CLOZE TEST

Fill in the gaps with ONE suitable word from the list below. There are SIX extra words you do not need to use

THE MYSTERY OF THE BERMUDA TRIANGLE MAY FINALLY BE SOLVED

One of life’s great mysteries, the Bermuda Triangle 1) __________ have finally found an explanation. This strange region, which 2) __________ in the North Atlantic Ocean between Bermuda, Miami and Puerto Rico, has been the presumed cause of 3) __________ of mind-boggling disappearances of ships and planes.

The Bermuda Triangle lore includes such stories as that of Flight 19, a group of 5 U.S. torpedo bombers that 4) __________ in the Triangle in 1945. A rescue plane sent to look for them also disappeared. 5) __________ stories include the mystery of USS Cyclops, resulting in the largest non-combat 6) __________ of life in U.S. Navy’s history. The ship with a crew of 309 went missing in 1918. Even as recently as 2015, El Faro, a cargo ship with 33 on board disappeared in the area.

Altogether, as 7) __________ as we know, 75 planes and hundreds of ships met their demise in the Bermuda Triangle. Possible causes for the catastrophes have been proposed over time, 8) __________ from the paranormal, electromagnetic interference that causes compass problems, bad weather, to the Gulf Stream  and large undersea fields of methane.

Now, a new theory has been proposed by meteorologists that claims that the reason for the mysteries pervading the Bermuda Triangle area are unusual hexagonal clouds creating 170 mph air bombs full of wind. These 9) __________ pockets cause all the mischief, sinking ships and downing planes.

By studying imagery from a NASA satellite, the 10) __________ concluded that some of these clouds reach 20 to 55 miles across. Waves inside these wind monsters can reach as high as 45 feet. What’s more – the clouds have straight edges which eventually come down out of the bottom of the cloud and then hit the ocean and create waves that can sometimes be massive in size as they interact with each other. Anything caught inside one of these “bombs” could be very well knocked out of the air, flipped over, sunk.

http://bigthink.com/paul-ratner/the-mystery-of-the-bermuda-triangle-may-finally-be-solved

 

 

AIR                       LIES                      OTHER                 SCIENTIFIC

ALL                       LOSS                     OTHERS               SCORES

DISSOLVED          MIGHT                 RANGING             TIME

FAR                      MUST                   SCIENTISTS          VANISHED

 

 

1.   7.
2.   8.
3.   9.
4.   10.
5.    
6.    

 

KEY

 

  1. MIGHT
  2. LIES
  3. SCORES
  4. VANISHED
  5. OTHER
  6. LOSS
  7. FAR
  8. RANGING
  9. AIR
  10. SCIENTISTS

 

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | May 10, 2017

On writing reports

http://www.rubenvalero.com/english/content/fce-report

THE THIRD APPLE CO-FOUNDER WHO LOST OUT ON A FORTUNE

 

Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and … Ron Wayne?

The 0) ________________ of all three men appear on Apple’s April 1, 1976, incorporation documents. They also appear on a document signed 12 days later, dissolving Wayne of his 10% investment.

Wayne, Apple’s 1) __________-known third co-founder, gave up his rights to his share of Apple for $800. Today, 10% of Apple is worth 2) __________ $62 billion. In those days one share was $2.75, at present if a person wants to invest in shares, they will cost them nearly 54 times as 3) __________ as they did then.

There is no chance Wayne, who is 81 now, would have actually 4) __________ worth anything remotely 5) __________ to that much today. His stake would have been diluted when shareholders were added 6) __________ on. But it is not a stretch to say that he would have been a multi-millionaire  – and substantially 7) __________ than he is now.

“What most people know is that I was there at the beginning and walked away; what they don’t know is I had very good reasons for doing it,” Wayne said in an interview with CNNMoney. “I’ve 8) __________ regretted the move.”

Wayne met Steve Jobs while both were working at video game pioneer Atari. He was a computer programmer, assigned to “assume major responsibility for mechanical engineering and documentation,” according to Apple’s founding documents.

But Wayne wasn’t brought in for his engineering prowess. He says he was called in to be the adult in the room. As he sees it, he was given 10% of the company for designing Apple’s original logo and mediating 9) __________ between Wozniak and the fiery Jobs.

“They were absolute whirlwinds. I was standing in the shadow of giants,” Wayne said. “If I stayed at Apple I would have probably 10) __________ up the richest man in the cemetery.”

Wayne’s passion was in the gaming industry, making video games and 11) __________ machines. So he says that he wouldn’t have been happy at Apple.

Following Apple, Wayne joined several smaller companies, where he was able to engineer products “soup to nuts.” He says he’s unhappy unless he has complete control over a product — something Steve Jobs would have been unlikely to give him.

“Once Steve determined where he wanted to be, the last place you would want to be is between him and where he was going, or you’d get footprints on your head,” Wayne said. “Was he the nicest person in the world? No. That’s not the point. The point is what did he 12) __________ through his journey through life?”

Though Wayne admires Jobs for his accomplishments, most of his praise goes to Wozniak, calling him “the most gracious man I’ve ever met.” Wayne said that Woz’s whimsical attitude was his inspiration for Apple’s initial logo, with an apple 13) __________ on Isaac Newton’s head.

Wayne said that he has had a happy life, choosing to do what he loves “for the sake of doing it.” He says that he’s not rich, but he’s not “hungry” either.

To retire to “a more comfortable situation,” Wayne has 14) __________ off most of his original Apple documents — including his copy of the incorporation papers, a proof of the original Apple logo, and the original manual for the Apple I computer — earning tens of thousands of dollars.

“Would I rather be rich? Of course I’d like a lot of money,” Wayne said. “But I have managed. If I just wanted the money, I could have been rich and miserable.”

http://money.cnn.com/2016/03/31/technology/ron-wayne-apple/

 

ACCOMPLISH              CLOSE                           FALLING                       NEVER

ALWAYS                      DISPUTES                     LATER                           ROUGHLY

AUCTIONED                 DROPPING                   LESSER                         SIGNATURES

BEEN                             ENDED                          MANY                           SLOT

BETTER                         EXPENSIVE                   MUCH                          WEALTHIER

 

 

0 SIGNATURES
1 8
2 9
3 10
4 11
5 12
6 13
7 14

 

KEY

 

O. SIGNATURES

  1. LESSER
  2. ROUGHLY
  3. MUCH
  4. BEEN
  5. CLOSE
  6. LATER
  7. WEALTHIER
  8. NEVER
  9. DISPUTES
  10. ENDED
  11. SLOT
  12. ACCOMPLISH
  13. FALLING
  14. AUCTIONED

 

 

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | May 3, 2017

EXTREME ADJECTIVES

EXTREME ADJECTIVES

 

  1. Find alternative words to express the following meanings:
  2. Very angry:
  3. very bad:
  4. very clean:
  5. very cold:
  6. very crowded:
  7. very dirty:
  8. very drunk:
  9. very expensive:
  10. very funny:
  11. very good:
  12. very happy:
  13. very hot:
  14. very hungry:
  15. very interesting:
  16. very loud:
  17. very painful:
  18. very pretty / very nice:
  19. very sad:
  20. very scary:
  21. very small?
  22. very surprised:
  23. very tired
  24. very wet:
  1. In pairs, ask each other the following questions:
  1. What is the most wonderful __________ you have ever seen?
    1. monument
    2. landscape
  2. Have you ever taken an exam whose score was appalling?
  3. What is the most appalling weather you have ever experienced?
  4. Who is the most gorgeous actress you can think of?
  5. What __________ would you qualify as truly remarkable?
    1. scientific breakthrough
    2. great feat[1]
  6. What is the most terrific food you have ever eaten?
  7. When was the last time you ate something absolutely delicious?
  8. Can you think of a book that was terrific but whose movie was terrible?
  9. Talk about a situation when you thought the noise surrounding you was deafening.
  10. Can silence be deafening?
  11. When was the last time you were actually starving?
  12. What subjects do you find fascinating?
  13. Is your house or your flat filthy or spotless?
  14. In your opinion, what films is utterly hilarious?
  15. When was the last time you were absolutely furious?
  16. What is the most terrifying film you have ever seen?
  17. What is the most terrifying book you have ever read?
  18. What is the tiniest present you have ever been offered?

[1] Feat: achievement. Hazaña.

 

KEY

Find alternative words to express the following meanings:

  1. Very angry: FURIOUS, EXASPERATED
  2. very bad: AWFUL, TERRIBLE, APPALLING
  3. very clean: SPOTLESS, SPICK AND SPAN
  4. very cold: FREEZING
  5. very crowded: PACKED
  6. very dirty: FILTHY
  7. very drunk: SLOSHED, INEBRIATED
  8. very expensive: EXTRAVAGANT, EXHORBITANT, OVERPRICED
  9. very funny: HILARIOUS
  10. very good: EXCELLENT, TERRIFIC, DELICIOUS, BRILLIANT, EXTRAORDINARY, REMARKABLE
  11. very happy: ELATED, ON CLOUD NINE, OVER THE MOON, DELIGHTED, THRILLED
  12. very hot: BOILING, SCORCHING
  13. very hungry: STARVING
  14. very interesting: FASCINATING
  15. very loud: DEAFENING
  16. very painful: EXCRUCIATING
  17. very pretty / very nice: WONDERFUL, GORGEOUS, BREATHTAKING
  18. very sad: MISERABLE
  19. very scary: TERRIFYING, PETRIFIED
  20. very small: TINY, MINUTE
  21. very surprised: ASTONISHED
  22. very tired: EXHAUSTED, SHATTERED, KNACKERED
  23. very wet: SOAKING, SOAKED

CLOZE TEST

 

Read the text and complete the chart below with a word from the list that comes after the text. Every word can only be used ONCE. There are five words that you do not need to use. Question 0 has been answered as an example.

THE EERY HISTORICAL VISIONS THAT PREDICT THE APOCALYPSE

Giant locusts swarm around a aquamarine mountain. Great whales and 0) __________ beasts flounder amid stormy seas. Inky skies rain hailstones and blood. These bizarre and 1) __________ visions are found in the Augsburg Book of Miraculous Signs, also called the Book of Miracles. It is a beautifully 2) __________ manuscript created in the German city in the mid-16th Century but only recently discovered and now collected in a new edition, by Till-Holger Borchert and Joshua P Waterman. “I remember that when I first saw the images in the flesh,” Till-Holger Borchert tells BBC Culture, “I was awestruck by the very touching combination of simplicity and beauty in systematically 3) __________ catastrophes of all times.”

“These stunningly vivid pictures must certainly have 4) __________ imparted to those readers first seeing them a sense of awe at the progression of disasters and wonders from the beginning of history to the end of time, as then understood,” writes Waterman. The first half of the book concerns the Old Testament, while the second 5) __________ from antiquity through to the mid-1500s, when the book was produced. It ends with stories from the Book of Revelation.

Each image, such as 1009 – Burning torch, is accompanied by a 6) __________ that leaves no doubt as to its grim message: “In the year AD 1009, the sun went dark and the moon was seen all blood­ red and a great earthquake 7) __________ and there fell from the sky with a loud and crashing noise a huge burning torch like a column or a tower. This was followed by the death of many people and 8) __________ throughout Germany and Italy. More people died than remained alive.”

By drawing from ancient, biblical and contemporary traditions of prophecy in roughly chronological order, The Book of Miracles follows an established structure similar 9) __________ other contemporary books of wonders. It’s a tradition that highlights the period’s ordering of history through the prism of apocalyptic signs and visions. “When studying this one-of-a-kind series of illustrations,” Waterman says, “it is important to 10) __________ in mind the structuring principle of Christian world history.”

http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20170421-the-eerie-historical-visions-that-predict-the-apocalypse

 

 

 

             BEEN                    HEADLINE            SPANS                  TERRIFIC

CAPTION              ILLUSTRATED       STRANGE             TERRIFYING

DEPICTING           KEEP                     STROKE                TO

FAMINE               RARE                    STRUCK                THAN

 

 

 

 

0 STRANGE
1 6
2 7
3 8
4 9
5 10

 

 

 

KEY

 

0. STRANGE

  1. TERRIFYING
  2. ILLUSTRATED
  3. DEPICTING
  4. BEEN
  5. SPANS
  6. CAPTION
  7. STRUCK
  8. FAMINE
  9. TO
  10. KEEP

 

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | May 3, 2017

EARTHQUAKES – SHOCK WAVES EXPLANED – Video listening

EARTHQUAKES – SHOCK WAVES EXPLANED

  1. The Plate Tectonics Theory was developed in ________________.
  2. The plates which make up the crust of the Earth move on ________________.
  3. San Andreas helps the North American Plate slide past the ________________.
  4. This fault moves about ________________ every year.
  5. One of the most important breakthroughs in the study of earthquakes dates back to ________________.
  6. Harry Fielding Reid used the information collected from land ________________ to measure the changes in land ________________ caused by earthquakes.
  7. Fielding Reid developed the first ________________ about forces accumulating along faults.
  8. The ________________ of the two slabs of the crust gets distorted and ________________ build up on that surface.
  9. In the beginning, the process is very __________, but it then ________________ from an inch a year to ________________.
  10. In the Bay area, there are ________________ of the San Andreas Fault spreading out.
  11. Little faults, like smaller ________________, produce different ________________ earthquakes.
  12. Scientists think that a damaging earthquake is nearly ________________ as likely to happen as not in the next _______________.

 

KEY

 

  1. THE 1960S
  2. FAULTS
  3. PACIFIC PLATE
  4. TWO AND A HALF INCHES 
  5. 1908
  6. SURVEYS – SURFACE
  7. SCIENTIFIC THEORIES
  8. FRICTION – STRESSES
  9. SLOW – SPEEDS UP – 5000 MILES AN HOUR
  10. BRANCHES
  11. TWIGS – SIZE
  12. TWICE – 30 YEARS
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | April 25, 2017

THE TRUTH BEHIND THE NAZCA LINES – Video Listening

THE TRUTH BEHIND THE NAZCA LINES

  1. The Nazca desert is situated in Southern Peru.
  2. Among the animals depicted in the Nazca Desert, we can see ________________, ________________ and ________________.
  3. These depictions date back to ________________.
  4. The commentator thinks the idea of ancient aliens drawing the Nazca Lines is ________________ to our ancestors.
  5. Some people think that the mountain-like structure with no rubble on it was meant to be a(n) ________________.
  6. This geological structure is known as a plateau, a(n) ________________.
  7. The landscape is made up of a(n) ________________, ________________ surface covered with reddish brown pebbles [1]with a coating [2]of ________________.
  8. The Incas used to make ________________ to several sites they considered ________________.
  9. The straight lines and the animals are considered to be the product of these repeated ________________.
  10. The Incas thought certain animals decided whether or not it would ________________.
  11. The Incas earned the favour of these animal deities by ________________ a large amount of people.
  12. Many of these trophies may have belonged to their ________________ or may have been born to be ________________.
  13. Not only can the Nazca Lines be seen from the air, but they can also be spotted from the surrounding ________________.

[1] Pebble: small rock. Guijarro.

[2] Coating: a layer that covers a surface. Capa.

 

KEY

 

  1. SPIDERS – LIZARDS – FISH – MONKEYS – SHARKS – HUMMINGBIRDS – WHALES
  2. 400 – 600 A.D.
  3. OFFENSIVE
  4. AIRCRAFT RUNWAY
  5. BASIC LAND FORMATION
  6. DRY – HARD – IRON OXIDE
  7. PILGRIMAGES – SACRED
  8. RELIGIOUS MIGRATIONS
  9. RAIN
  10. BEHEADING
  11. ENEMIES – SACRIFICED
  12. FOOTHILLS
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | April 25, 2017

EDINBURGH CASTLE – Cloze Test

CLOZE TEST

 

Fill in the gaps with ONE suitable word from the list below. There are FIVE extra words you do not need to use.

 

EDINBURGH CASTLE

With some 900 years of history 0) __________ it, it would almost be a surprise if Edinburgh Castle wasn’t one of Scotland’s most haunted sites. 1) __________ its construction as a military fortress in the early 12th century, the castle has 2) __________ surprise attacks, executions, and even a brief capture by the English. Reincarnated 3) __________ a tourist attraction, Edinburgh Castle now offers haunted tours of its dungeons, 4) __________ once hosted the 5) __________ of Duke Alexander Stewart of Albany (who escaped, stabbing his guards to death and then burning their bodies), Lady Janet Douglas of Glamis (accused of witchcraft and burned at the stake), and an unnamed piper who once wandered 6) __________ one of the castle’s underground passages and never returned.

In 2001, Edinburgh Castle became the site of the one of the largest paranormal investigations in history. A team of nine researchers and 7) __________ 200 members of the public explored the castle’s forgotten chambers and secret passages for signs of ghostly happenings. The public was not told which areas of the castle were 8) __________ to be haunted and which were not. 51% of participants in haunted areas reported paranormal experiences, 9) __________ only 35% did so in the non-haunted areas. 10) __________ figures, sudden drops in temperature and the feeling of something tugging on your clothes are all everyday experiences in Edinburgh.

If the castle’s paranormal activity isn’t enough, Edinburgh also 11) __________ the Mary Kings Close, an underground area of the city in which victims of the Black 12) __________ were quarantined and left to die.

Adapted from: http://content.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1855221_1855285_1855267,00.html

AS                                 FROM                          PEST                             SINCE

ACROSS                      LIKE                              PLAGUE                      THAT

BEHIND                       LIKES                            RUMOURED              WHICH

BOASTS                       OTHER                         SAW                             WHILE

DOWN                        OVER                           SHADOWY                 WITNESSED

0 BEHIND 7
1 8
2 9
3 10
4 11
5 12

KEY

0. BEHIND

1. SINCE 

2. WITNESSED

3. AS

4. WHICH

5. LIKES

6. DOWN

7. OVER

8. RUMOURED

9. WHILE

10. SHADOWY

11. BOASTS

12. PLAGUE

 

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | April 20, 2017

Viva la Vida – Coldplay

Fill in the gaps with the words from the box below. There are nine extra words.

Listen to the song and check your answers.

 

VIVA LA VIDA

COLDPLAY

 

I used to 1) __________ the world
Seas would 2) __________ when I gave the word
Now in the morning I sleep alone
3) __________ the streets I used to own

I used to roll the 4) __________
Feel the 5) __________ in my enemy’s eyes
Listened as the 6) __________ would sing
Now the old king is dead, 7) __________ live the king
One minute I held the key
Next the walls were 8) __________ on me
And I discovered that my 9) __________ stand
Upon pillars of 10) __________ and pillars of sand

I hear Jerusalem 11) __________ a-ringing
Roman cavalry 12) __________ are singing
Be my mirror, my sword and 13) __________
My missionaries in a foreign field
For some reason I can’t explain
Once you’d gone there was never
Never an 14) __________ word
And that was when I ruled the 15) __________

It was a wicked and 16) __________ wind
Blew 17) __________ the doors to let me in
18) __________ windows and the sound of drums
People couldn’t believe what I’d become
Revolutionaries wait
For my head on a silver 19) __________
Just a puppet on a lonely 20) __________
Oh who would ever want to be king?

I hear Jerusalem 11) __________ a-ringing
Roman cavalry 12) __________ are singing
Be my mirror, my sword and 13) __________
My missionaries in a foreign field
For some reason I can’t explain
I know St Peter won’t call my name
Never an 14) __________ word
But that was when I ruled the 15) __________

Oh oh oh oh ohh oh [x5]

Hear Jerusalem 11) __________ a-ringing
Roman cavalry 12) __________ are singing
Be my mirror, my sword and 13) __________
My missionaries in a foreign field
For some reason I can’t explain
I know St Peter won’t call my name
Never an 14) __________ word
But that was when I ruled the 15) __________

 

 

AIR                                DICE                             PLATE                          SHIELD

BELLS                          DOWN                          RAISE                           STRING

CASTLES                     FEAR                            RISE                             SWEEP

CHOIRS                       HONEST                      RULE                            UP

CLOSED                      KNACKERED              SALT                             WILD

CROWD                       LONG                           SHATTERED               WORLD

 

 

 

 

 

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | April 12, 2017

MUSIC IDIOMS – dEFINITIONS AND SPEAKING ACTIVITY

MUSIC IDIOMS

 

  1. FIT AS A FIDDLE: This is used to describe someone who is in perfect health.
  2. AND ALL THAT JAZZ: This means that everything related to or similar is included.

Celebrities definitely seem to be starting all the latest trends with fashion, hair and all that jazz.

3. (LIKE) MUSIC TO ONE’S EARS: When you hear exactly what you wanted to hear.

When they read out the results and everyone heard that I got top marks, it was like music to my ears!!

4. CHANGE YOUR TUNE / SING A DIFFERENT TUNE: change one’s ideas, start thinking in a different way, after something has happened.

You’ve definitely changed your tune since the last time I saw you! You used to hate this town!

FACE THE MUSIC: You say this when someone has to accept the negative consequences of something that has happened.

I’m not ready to face the music. I need to figure it out for myself before I speak to them.

6. FOR A SONG: If you buy or sell something for a song, it means it is very cheap.

7. RING A BELL: If something rings a bell, it sounds familiar, but you don’t remember the exact details.

8. DRUM (STHG) INTO SOMEONE’S HEAD:  If you teach something to someone through constant repetition, you drum it into their head.
When we were kids at school, multiplication tables were drummed into our heads.

10. TO BLOW YOUR OWN TRUMPET (GB) / HORN (US) = talk a lot about your own achievements.
Peter spent the whole evening blowing his own trumpet.

  1. Do you know anyone you would describe as being fit as a fiddle?
  2. What would be music to your ears?
  3. On what occasions have you changed your tune?
  4. Can you remember a difficult time when you had to face the music?
  5. Can you tell your partner about something you have bought for a song?
  6. Do you know anyone who often blows his own trumpet?
  7. What kind of things were drummed into your head when you were a child?

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