Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 14, 2017

Noise Pollution


Fill in the gaps with ONE suitable word.




Most of us are very used to the sounds we hear in 1) __________ life. Loud music, the television, people talking 2) __________ their phone, the traffic and even pets barking in the 3) __________ of the night. All of these have become a part of the urban culture and 4) __________ disturb us. However, when the sound of the television keeps you 5) __________ sleeping all night or the traffic starts to give you a headache, it stops becoming just noise and starts turning 6) __________ noise pollution. For many of us, the concept of pollution is limited to nature and resources. 7) __________, noise that tends to disrupt the natural rhythm of life makes for one solid pollutant.

By definition, noise pollution takes place when there is 8) __________ excessive amount of noise or an unpleasant sound that causes temporary disruption in the natural balance. This definition is usually applicable to sounds or noises that are unnatural in their volume or their production. Our environment is 9) __________ that it has become difficult to escape noise. Even electrical appliances at home have a constant hum or beeping sound. By and large, lack of urban planning increases the 10) __________ to unwanted sounds. This is why understanding noise pollution is necessary to curb [1]it in time.

Adapted from:


[1] to curb: to control, to restrain.

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 14, 2017



0. Over the centuries, man has learnt to use the earth’s resources in order to survive.

  1. Today, mankind is worried about the fact that we might be _____________________ our planet.
  2. We must try to manage the earth’s limited resources to ensure…
    1. continued _____________________,
    2. a(n) _____________________ planet.
  3. In the last fifty years, the earth’s population has nearly _____________________.
  4. In the future, most people will be living in _____________________ of developing countries.
  5. _____________________ and _____________________ pollution will be the main environmental concerns.
  6. Throughout history we have been aiming at ______________________ gains.
  7. However, we have recently begun to focus on _____________________ development.
  8. Human activity should aim at leaving a _____________________ footprint [1]on our planet.
  9. _____________________ and _____________________ can help grow more food, but they can also poison the _____________________ and the _____________________.
  10. Oil and natural gas provide us with a natural source of _____________________ and energy, but contribute to pollution.

[1] Footprint: a measurement of the size, effect, etc. of something. Impacto, huella.

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 9, 2017

Third Conditional – Grammar and speaking activity



  1. What would you have done..
  • you hadn’t come here today?
  • you hadn’t decided to learn English?
  • you had had time last week?
  • you had been born a member of the opposite sex?
  • you had followed your parents’ advice?
  • you had won the lottery recently?
  • you had found 500 Euros on your way here today?
  • you had met an alien from outer space on your way here?
  • you had met your great-great-grandparents?
  • you had lived in the 19th Century?
  • you had stayed at home all week long last week?
  1. What would you have worn if you had been to a party yesterday evening?
  2. What would your parents have done if you had been born a member of the opposite sex?
  3. What would have happened if America had not been discovered yet?
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 9, 2017

My Way – Frank Sinatra SONG

My Way



And now, the end is near;

And so I face the final ___________ /ˈkɜːtən/.

My friend, I’ll say it clear,

I’ll state my case, of which I’m ___________/ˈsɜːtən/.

I’ve lived a life that’s full,

I traveled each and every __________ /ˈhaiweɪ/

And more, much more than this,

I did it my way.

/rɪˈɡrets/___________, I’ve had a few;

But then again, too few to ­­­­­­­__________/ˈmenʃən/.

I did what I had to do

I saw it through without ­­­­­exemption.

I planned each charted __________/kɔːs/;

Each __________  /ˈkɛəfʊl/step along the byway,

And more, much more than this,

I did it my way.

Yes, there were times, I’m sure you knew

When I bit off more than I could __________ /tʃuː/ .

But through it all, when there was __________ /daʊt/,

I ate it up and spit it out.

I faced it all and I stood tall

And did it my way.

I’ve loved, I’ve  __________  /lɑːft/ and cried.

I’ve had my fill; my __________/ʃɛə*/ of losing.

And now, as __________/tɪəz/ subside,

I find it all so __________/əˈmjuːzɪŋ/.

To think I did all that;

And may I say – not in a __________/ʃaɪ/ way,

“Oh, no, oh, no, not me,

I did it my way”.

For what is a man, what has he got?

If not himself, then he has naught.

To say the things he truly feels;

And not the words of one who __________/niːlz/.

The record shows I took the __________ /bləʊz/.

And did it my way!

Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 7, 2017




Read the text and complete the chart below with a word from the list that comes after the text. Every word can only be used ONCE. There are five words that you do not need to use. Question 0 has been answered as an example.




0) __________ the top 10 environmental issues that face the planet can be at best “subjective”, we have attempted to aggregate and prioritise the list in order to put things into perspective. Here are some of them:

  1. Population:

Without the 1) __________ of a doubt the biggest issue facing the environment is overpopulation of humans. All other major environmental issues flow from the very fact that we are overpopulating the planet.

The world’s population has tripled in the last 60 years placing stress on every aspect of the environment. More land is developed every day to accommodate the urban 2) __________.

In 1950 the population stood at 2,555,982,611 compared to 2016 which it now stands at over 7,481,000,000. The actual maths is that the world’s population has increased by almost 3 times. That is 3) __________ when you think about it. That figure is increasing even as we speak!

  1. Climate Change:

The most controversial and political of the top 10 environmental issues. Recently an overwhelming majority of climate scientists believe that human activities are currently affecting the climate and that the tipping point has already been passed. In other words, it is too late to 4) __________ the damage that climate change has done to the environment.

At this stage the best we can do is regulate the further impact upon the environment by developing more environmentally friendly methods of energy production by 5) __________ the mining and burning of fossil fuels.

  1. Loss of Biodiversity:

The loss of biodiversity on the planet can be directly related to the behaviours of human beings. Humans have destroyed and continue to destroy the habitats of species on a daily 6) __________.

When we exterminate one species, it has a knock-on effect in the food chain which in 7) __________ upsets the Eco-systems inter-dependent on one another.

The catastrophic impact of loss of biodiversity is 8) __________ to affect the planet for millions of years to come. The current loss of biodiversity is also being named “The Sixth Extinction”

  1. Water:

Many experts believe that in the near future water will become a commodity just like gold and oil. Some experts say that wars will be fought over who owns the water 9) __________.

Currently, one third of humans have inadequate access to clean, fresh water. The number is expected to increase by to up to two thirds by 2050. That is that two thirds of the world’s population will not have access to clean water.

Overpopulation, demand and pollution from industry are to 10) __________.

Adapted from:

ALTHOUGH                 GUILT                            SHADE                          STOCK

BASIS                            LIKELY                           SHADOW                     SUPPLY

BLAME                         PROBABLE                   SPREAD                        TURN

DECREASE                    REDUCING                    STAGGERING               UNDO


1 6
2 7
3 8
4 9
5 10




  4. UNDO
  6. BASIS
  7. TURN
  10. BLAME
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 7, 2017

I wish / If only




  1. I wish I were not afraid of _______________.
  2. I wish I had been to _______________’s concert.
  3. I wish I could ________________.
  4. I wish I could visit _______________.
  5. I wish _____ would / would not ________________.
  6. I wish I were not _______________.
  7. I wish I could speak _______________.
  8. I wish _______________ had never been invented.
  9. I wish I had not been _______________.
  10. I wish I could meet _______________.
  11. I wish I were very good at _______________.
  12. I wish Spanish people wouldn’t _______________.
  13. I wish I could understand why  _______________.
  14. I wish I hadn’t bought _______________.
  15. I wish I had not told my mother / father / brother… _______________.
  16. I wish I had _______________ last weekend.
  17. I wish I had been born _______________.
  18. I wish I lived in _______________.
  19. I wish TV programmes were _______________.
  20. I wish TV programmes were not _______________.
  21. I wish politicians  _______________.
  22. I wish I knew _______________.
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 7, 2017

Imaginary regrets


Read the following regrets and guess who might have regretted the following things:


  1. I wish I hadn’t cut my ear off.
  2. I wish I hadn’t declared war on Irak.
  3. If only I hadn’t been sent to prison.
  4. I wish my husband were not guilty.
  5. I wish I hadn’t resigned as leader of Spain’s Socialist party.
  6. I wish we hadn’t handed out the wrong card.
  7. I wish I hadn’t given the card to Faye Dunaway.
  8. I wish he wouldn’t quit Barça.
  9. I wish we didn’t have to pay for leaving the E.U.
  10. I wish I had seen that iceberg in time.
  11. I wish I didn’t have to make up my mind whether to lead the Socialist Party.
  12. I wish I hadn’t written Satanic Verses.
  13. I wish I hadn’t assaulted Parliament in Madrid.
  14. If only I hadn’t gone to Dallas.
  15. I wish I hadn’t trusted Brutus.
  16. I wish I hadn’t spent 27 years in a South-African prison.
  17. I wish I hadn’t sent the Armada to Britain.
  18. I wish I hadn’t abdicated in my son.
  19. If only I hadn’t invaded Russia.
  20. I wish we hadn’t flown so close to the sun.
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 2, 2017

If you could read my mind – SONG


Gordon Lightfoot

If you could read my mind love,
what a ­1)__________ my thoughts could tell.
Just like an old time movie
about a ghost from a wishing well.
In a castle dark or a 2)_________ strong
with chains upon my feet.
You know that ghost is me
and I will never be set free
as long as I’m a ghost that you can see.

If I could read your mind love,
what a tale your thoughts could tell.
Just like a 3)__________ novel,
the kind the drugstore sells.
When you reach the part where the 4)__________
come the hero would be me.
Heroes often fail.
And you won’t read that book again
because the ending’s just too hard to take.

I walk away like a movie star
who gets burned in a three way 5)________.
Enter number two, a movie queen
to play the scene of bringing all the good things out in me,
but for now love let’s be 6)_________.

I never thought I could act this way
and I’ve got to say that I just don’t get it.
I don’t know where we went wrong
but the feeling’s gone and I just can’t get it back.

If you could read my mind love,
what a tale my thoughts could tell.
Just like an old time movie about a ghost from a wishing well.
In a castle dark or a 7)__________ strong
with chains upon my feet the story always ends.
And if you read between the lines
you’ll know that I’m just trying to understand
the feeling that you left.

I never thought I could feel this way
and I got to say that I just don’t get it.
I don’t know where we went wrong
but the feeling’s gone
and I just can’t get it back.



  1. Useful characteristics in plants and animals have been strengthened through _____________________.
  2. DNA controls the ________________ of every live thing.
  • _____________________
  • _____________________
  1. Nucleotides make up a code that carries _____________________.
  2. In the 1960s some experiments consisted of bombarding plants with radiation in order to cause _____________________ in the genetic code.
  3. In the 70s some bits of DNA were inserted into plants and animals in order to study and ________________ for research.
  4. From 1974 on, ___________________ became a standard research tool.
  5. In the 80s a patent was given for a microbe engineered to _____________________.
  6. Today ________________ clotting factors, growth hormones and insulin are genetically engineered.
  7. The first genetically modified tomato had a(n) _____________________ because it had been given a gene that suppressed the build-up of a rotting enzyme.
  8. In the 1990s, to treat _____________________, babies were made who carried genetic information from three humans.
Posted by: crisdiaz24 | March 2, 2017




Read the text and complete the chart below with a word from the list that comes after the text. Every word can only be used ONCE. There are five words that you do not need to use. Question 0 has been answered as an example.




They are questions that are at once repulsive and intriguing.

What if you could predetermine the genetics of your newborn baby? Choose your baby’s hair color? Eye color? Brain power? How athletic the child will be? Or take it even 0) __________ — what if you could choose to have a child with a talent for playing the piano or a master at chess?

Would you do it? Would you play with nature?

These are questions parents will 1) __________ head on in just 25 years.

In fact, some of this genetic manipulation is already possible and happening in the year 2017.

For around $12,400, a couple can use in vitro fertilization and choose whether to implant a male or female embryo in the mother’s 2) __________. It’s not common, but it is quietly happening at fertility clinics all across the country.

And the scientific knowledge exists to do even more.

“We already have the ability to isolate genes that affect a lot of the physical 3) __________ humans have and the physiological ones,” said geneticist Lee Silver, a professor of molecular biology and public policy at Princeton University.

“What’s going to happen over the next 10 [years] to 25 years is that we are going to fill out the puzzle. We are going to understand how all of the genes in the genome affect how tall we are, whether we are 4) __________ to be thin or heavy, and then I think scientists are going to probe the brain and understand how people have different personalities and different levels of abilities,” Silver said.

The big question in the future will be: Do parents want to take that understanding of which genes dictate which characteristics and use it to 5) __________ the genetic makeup of their children?

“The question is whether people want to use the technology for that 6) __________,” Silver said.

At a recent gathering of pregnant mothers in New York City, we asked the women how they would feel about selecting certain characteristics for their babies and found a lot of resistance to the idea.

“I think once you start choosing, you know, what your baby should look like and what it should be and what the sex should be, you take the excitement out of the 7) __________,” said Aleona Sencion, who is seven months pregnant.

Risa Goldberg says it would change the nature of our society.

“I think the world will be a little bit more competitive. If everyone programmed their own kids, then everyone would be ‘super smart’ or ‘super athletes.’ And everyone would be the same. There would be a lot of the same type of people. There wouldn’t be 8) __________ much diversity or variety,” Goldberg said.

Just three months into her pregnancy, Janice Chabkin had considered preselecting the sex of her next child.

She already has a girl, and she and her husband thought they’d like the guarantee of knowing they would have a boy this time around.

But 9) __________, the couple decided against it.

“We didn’t do it because if something ever went wrong with the child, I would never be able to forgive myself and I’d always be looking back on it and say, ‘Is it because I did this? And is the reason [something went wrong] because I decided to do pregender selection?'” she said.

But we found some 10) __________ mothers who said they’d be interested in shaping the future for their unborn children when we asked them whether it would be all right to change genetics to avoid a disease


ALTER                  EXPECTING          PURPOSE             TUMMY

AS                        FACE                    REASON               ULTIMATELY

BOUND                FURTHER             TOO                     UNEXPECTED

DEAL                    LIKELY                  TRAITS                 WOMB




0 FURTHER      
1         6      
2         7      
3         8      
4         9      
5         10      


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