Posted by: crisdiaz24 | May 26, 2011

DOPING

Read the text and complete the chart below with a word from the list that comes after the text. Every word can only be used ONCE. There are FIVE words that you do not need to use. Question 0 has been answered as an example.

DOPING

The use of performance-enhancing drugs in sport is commonly referred to by the term “doping”, particularly by those organizations that 0) ________________ competitions. The use of performance-enhancing drugs is mostly done to 1) ________________ athletic performance. This is why many sports 2) ________________ the use of performance-enhancing drugs. Another similar use of medical technology is called 3) ________________ doping, either by blood transfusion or use of the hormone erythropoietin (EPO). The use of drugs to enhance performance is considered unethical by 4) ________________ international sports organizations and especially the International Olympic Committee, although ethicists have 5) ________________ that it is little different from the use of new materials in the construction of suits and sporting equipment, which similarly aid performance and can give competitors an 6) ________________ advantage over others. The reasons for the prohibition are mainly the alleged health threat of performance-enhancing drugs, the equality of 7) ________________ for athletes, and the exemplary effect of “clean” (“doping-free”) sports for the public.

Texts going back to antiquity suggest that men have always tried to work harder or at least suffer less when doing sports. When the 8) ________________ of a nation were selected as athletes, they were fed diets and given treatments considered beneficial. For instance, Scandinavian mythology says Berserkers [1]could drink a mixture called “butotens”, perhaps prepared from the Amanita muscaria mushroom, to increase their physical power a dozen times at the risk of 9) ________________. In more recent times, the German missionary and doctor Albert Schweitzer wrote of Gabon in the early 19th century: “The people of the country can, having eaten certain leaves or 10) ________________, toil vigorously all day without feeling hungry, thirsty or tired and all the time showing happiness and gaiety.”

Adapted from © wikipedia

         ARGUED                CRISIS                 INSANITY                REGULATE

       BAN                        FITTEST             MEND                        ROOTS

       BLOOD                  FORBIDDING      MOST                        SUPPORTED

       COUNTLESS        IMPROVE            OPPORTUNITIES    UNFAIR


[1] One of a band of ancient Norse warriors legendary for their savagery and reckless frenzy in battle.

0) REGULATE

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

6)

7)

8)

9)

10)

KEY

0) REGULATE

1) IMPROVE

2)BAN

3) BLOOD

4) MOST

5) ARGUED

6) UNFAIR

7) OPPORTUNITIES

8) FITTEST

9) INSANITY

10) ROOTS


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