Posted by: a2cristina | October 25, 2015


                                                            CLOZE TEST


Complete the text. Use only ONE word in each gap.



Attempting to understand and classify what 0) __________ people who they are has been a longstanding challenge in the world of personality psychology. Numerous theories and models have 1) __________ developed over the years to better understand aspects of human personality. Most trait theory models attempt to accurately describe aspects of personality.

The focus of this lesson is on the Big Five personality traits. In psychology, the ‘Big Five’ is a term 2) __________ to describe the five broad traits of human personality. In current practice, it is sometimes interchangeable with the term ‘five-factor model.’

Each of the traits, or factors, identified 3) __________ the Big Five are independent of each other and account for the infinite number of unique aspects that comprise human personality. Understanding each of the Big Five factors will help you better grasp the concept of personality traits.

The Big Five personality traits are:

  • Openness
  • Conscientiousness
  • Extraversion
  • Agreeableness
  • Neuroticism

An easy 4) __________ to remember the Big Five is to remember the word ‘OCEAN.’ The first letter of each trait creates the word ocean.

The Big Five traits have been subjected to rigorous testing 5) __________ the past several decades. The research continues to support the notion that we all possess each of the five personality characteristics to some degree. And even 6) __________ we share only five common personality traits, the possible combinations, or personality types, are endless when you consider the varying degrees of each trait. For example, not all of 7) __________ are equally agreeable or neurotic.

Now that we have identified each of the Big Five personality traits, let’s take a look at each one individually.

Openness refers to traits, 8) __________ as how inclined someone is to conform to societal or cultural norms, how concretely or abstractly someone thinks about things, and how open or resistant someone is to change. A person who is a creative thinker and always looking for ways to do things better would likely score high on measures of openness.

Conscientiousness has to do with a person’s degree of organization, level of discipline, and how prone he or she is to taking risks. The college student who never misses a class would probably prove to have a high degree of conscientiousness as measured on a personality assessment.

Extraversion is a personality characteristic that describes things like how social a person is or how warm and loving they tend to be. Extraverts are people 9) __________ would typically prefer to go out to a party with lots of friends, as opposed to stay in and watch a movie with one or two friends.

Agreeableness takes into 10) __________ how kind, dependable, and cooperative a person is. People who score high on scales of agreeableness are typically more interested in doing things for the common good, as opposed to fulfilling their own self-interests.

Neuroticism is a personality characteristic that describes how nervous or anxious a person tends to be, as well as the degree of self-confidence and self-contentment he or she possesses. Individuals who score high on levels of neuroticism will often be preoccupied with the ‘what ifs’ of life. They tend to be worrisome and preoccupied with things that might not be within their control.

Adapted from ©



  1. BEEN
  2. USED
  3. AS
  4. WAY
  7. US
  8. SUCH
  9. WHO

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